0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

Analysis and Experiments on Three-Dimensional, Irregular Surface Roughness

[+] Author and Article Information
J. A. van Rij, B. J. Belnap, P. M. Ligrani

Convective Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 50 S. Central Campus Drive, MEB 2202, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112

J. Fluids Eng 124(3), 671-677 (Aug 19, 2002) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1486222 History: Received July 23, 2001; Revised April 02, 2002; Online August 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Nikuradse, J., 1933, “Laws of Flow in Rough Pipes,” NACA TM 1292, National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics.
Schlichting, H., 1936, “Experimental Investigation of the Problem of Surface Roughness,” NACA TM-832, National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics.
Coleman,  H. W., Hodge,  B. K., and Taylor,  R. P., 1984, “A Re-Evaluation of Schlichting’s Surface Roughness Experiment,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 106, pp. 60–65.
Antonia,  R. A., and Luxton,  R. E., 1971, “The Response of a Turbulent Boundary Layer to a Step Change in Surface Roughness, Pt. 1. Smooth to Rough,” J. Fluid Mech., 48, Part 4, pp. 721–762.
Antonia,  R. A., and Wood,  D. H., 1975, “Calculation of a Turbulent Boundary Layer Downstream of a Step Change in Surface Roughness,” Aeronaut. Q., 26, Part 3, pp. 202–210.
Bettermann,  D., 1966, “Contribution a l’Etude de la Convection Force Turbulente le Long de Plaques Rugueuses,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 9, pp. 153–164.
Perry,  A. E., and Joubert,  P. N., 1963, “Rough-Wall Boundary Layers an Adverse Pressure Gradients,” J. Fluid Mech., 17, Part 2, pp. 193–211.
Pineau, F., Nguyen, V. D., Dickinson, J., and Belanger, J., 1987, “Study of a Flow Over a Rough Surface with Passive Boundary-Layer Manipulators and Direct Wall Drag Measurements,” AIAA Paper 87-0357, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Han,  J. C., Glickman,  L. R., and Rohsenow,  W. M., 1978, “An Investigation of Heat Transfer and Friction for Rib-Roughened Surfaces,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 21, pp. 1143–1156.
Furuya, Y., Fujita, H., and Nakashima, H., 1987, “Turbulent Boundary Layers on Plates Roughened by Wires in Equal Intervals,” Perspectives in Turbulence Studies, pp. 223–249.
Sherif,  N., and Gumley,  P., 1966, “Heat-Transfer and Friction Properties of Surfaces with Discrete Roughnesses,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 9, pp. 1297–1320.
Pimenta, M. M., Moffat, R. J., and Kays, W. M., 1978, “The Structure of a Boundary Layer on a Rough Wall With Blowing and Heat Transfer,” ASME Paper No. 78-HT-3, AIAA-ASME Thermophysics and Heat Transfer Conference, Palo Alto.
Coleman,  H. W., Moffat,  R. J., and Kays,  W. M., 1977, “The Accelerated Fully Rough Turbulent Boundary Layer,” J. Fluid Mech., 82, Part 3, pp. 507–528.
Ligrani,  P. M., and Moffat,  R. J., 1986, “Structure of Transitionally Rough and Fully Rough Turbulent Boundary Layers,” J. Fluid Mech., 162, pp. 69–98.
Bogard,  D. G., Schmidt,  D. L., and Tabbita,  M., 1998, “Characterization and Laboratory Simulation of Turbine Airfoil Surface Roughness and Associated Heat Transfer,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(2), pp. 337–342.
Abuaf,  N., Bunker,  R. S., and Lee,  C. P., 1998, “Effects of Surface Roughness on Heat Transfer and Aerodynamic Performance of Turbine Airfoils,” ASME J. Turbomach., 120(3), pp. 522–529.
Sigal,  A., and Danberg,  J. E., 1990, “New Correlation of Roughness Density Effect on the Turbulent Boundary Layer,” AIAA J., 28, No. 3, pp. 554–556.
Sigal, A., and Danberg, J. E., 1988, “Analysis of Turbulent Boundary Layer Over Rough Surfaces With Application to Projectile Aerodynamics,” Army Ballistic Research Lab, Aberdeen Proving Grounds MD, Technical Report BRL-TR-2977.
Schlichting, H., 1991, Boundary Layer Theory, Seventh Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Kays, W. M., and Crawford, M. E., 1993, Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, Third Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Colebrook,  C. F., 1938-1939, “Turbulent Flow in Pipes, With Particular Reference to the Transition Between the Smooth and Rough Pipe Laws,” J. Inst. Civil Engineers, London, 11, pp. 133–156.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Three-dimensional Wyko profilometry trace of a portion of the completely rough test surface
Grahic Jump Location
Flow facility components and dimensions
Grahic Jump Location
Front cross-sectional view of the test section
Grahic Jump Location
Top view of the test section
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of experimental results with Eq. (2), the correlation for “two-dimensional” roughness, and with Eq. (7), the correlation for “three-dimensional” roughness
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of roughness element area parameter, AfAs/Ab, with height of a spherical segment roughness element
Grahic Jump Location
Dimensions of Schlichting’s roughness elements 2. Geometric parameter values are given in Table 1.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparisons of experimentally and numerically determined skin friction coefficients
Grahic Jump Location
Comparisons of experimentally and numerically determined ks values

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In