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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Predicting Globe Control Valve Performance—Part I: CFD Modeling

[+] Author and Article Information
James A. Davis

University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701

Mike Stewart

University of North Dakota, Fargo, ND 58105

J. Fluids Eng 124(3), 772-777 (Aug 19, 2002) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1490108 History: Received June 01, 2001; Revised April 03, 2002; Online August 19, 2002
Copyright © 2002 by ASME
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References

Crane Co., 1988, “Flow of Fluids,” Technical paper 410, 24th Printing.
Kimura,  Takeyoshi , 1986, “Hydrodynamic Characteristics of a Butterfly Valve,” Instrument Society of America Transactions, 24(1), pp. 53–61.
Huang,  C., and Kim,  R. H., 1996, “Three-Dimensional Analysis of Partially Open Butterfly Valve Flows,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 118, pp. 562–568.
Johnston,  D. N., and Edge,  K. A., 1991, “Experimental Investigation of Flow and Force Characteristics of Hydraulic Poppet and Disc Valves,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 205, pp. 161–171.
Schrenk, E., 1957, Disc Valves, Flow Patterns, Resistance, and Loading, BHRA Publications, T547.
Stone, J. A., 1960, “Discharge Coefficients and Steady State Flow Forces for Hydraulic Poppet Valves,” Trans. ASME, 144.
McCloy, D., and McGuigan, R. H., 1964, “Some Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Poppet Valves,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 179.
Oki,  I., and Kawakami,  K., 1961, “Characteristics of flat seated valves with broader seat face (experimental research on disc valves, 8th report),” Bull. JSME, 4, p. 279.
Von Mises,  R., 1917, “The Calculation of Flow Coefficient for Nozzle and Orifice,” VDA, 61, pp. 21,22,23.
McCloy, D., and Martin, H. R., 1980, Control of Fluid Power-Analysis and Design, Wiley, New York.
Duggins, R. K., 1973, “Further Studies of Flow in a Flapper Valve,” Third International Symposium on Fluid Power, Turin, pp. B2–25.
Vaughan,  N. D., Johnston,  D. N., and Edge,  K. A., 1992, “Numerical Simulation of Fluid Flow in Poppet Valves,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 206, pp. 119–127.
Lee,  J. J., and Wellford,  L. C., 1997, “Transient Fluid-Structure Interaction in a Control Valve,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 119, pp. 354–359.
“Control Valve Sizing Equations,” ISA-S75.01-1997, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina: Instrument Society of America.
Stiles, G. F., 1964, “Liquid Viscosity Effects on Control Valve Sizing,” Proc. Ann. Symp. on Instrumentation for the Process Industries, pp. 52–61.
Driskell, Les, 1983, Control Valve Selection and Sizing, Instrument Society of America, Research Triangle Park, N.C., pp. 177–180.
FLUENT, 1995, “User’s Guide,” Fluent Incorporated, Centerra Resource Park, 10 Cavendish Court, Lebanon, NH 03766.
Davis, J. A., and Stewart, M., 1998, “Geometry Effects when using CFD Analysis as a Design Tool to Predict Control Valve Performance,” Nineteenth Southeastern Conference on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Deerfield Beach, FL, pp. 38–45.
Davis, J. A., and Stewart, M., 1998, “Effects of Grid Distortion on Predictions of Control Valves and Detection Methods,” Proceedings of the Fifth NRC/ASME Symposium on Valve and Pump Testing, Vol. 2, pp. 1C–43.
Davis,  J. A., and Stewart,  M., 2002, “Predicting Globe Control Valve Performance-Part II: Experimental Validation,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 124, pp. 778–783.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Inherent valve characteristics
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Different regions of a control valve
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Axisymmetric view of plug and seat region (rotated 90 degrees)
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Grid for valve A, 50 percent open (seat-plug region)
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Streamlines for valves A, B, and C (partial opening: 30 percent, 50 percent, 70 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Plug retracting from seat for valves A, B, and C
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Pressure contours for valves A, B, and C (partial opening: 30 percent, 50 percent, 70 percent)
Grahic Jump Location
Plug retracting from seat for valves A, B, and C (pressure contours)
Grahic Jump Location
Inherent valve characteristics for valves A, B, and C

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