0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Evaluation of a Two-Fluid Eulerian-Liquid Eulerian-Gas Model for Diesel Sprays

[+] Author and Article Information
Venkatraman Iyer, John Abraham

Maurice J. Zucrow Laboratories, School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2014

J. Fluids Eng 125(4), 660-669 (Aug 27, 2003) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1593708 History: Received October 16, 2001; Revised January 22, 2003; Online August 27, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Dukowicz,  J. K., 1980, “A Particle-Fluid-Numerical Model for Liquid Sprays,” J. Comput. Phys., 35(2), pp. 229–253.
O’Rourke, P. J., and Bracco, F. V., 1980, “Modeling of Drop Interactions in Thick Sprays and Comparison with Experiments,” The Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Publication 1980-9, pp. 101–116.
Abraham, J., 1997, “What is Adequate Resolution in the Numerical Computations of Transient Jets?” Transactions of the SAE, 106 (3), pp. 141–155.
Iyer,  V. A., and Abraham,  J., 1997, “Penetration and Dispersion of Transient Gas Jets and Sprays,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 130, pp. 315–335.
Aneja,  R., and Abraham,  J., 1998, “How Far Does the Liquid Penetrate in a Diesel Engine: Computed Results vs. Measurements?” Combust. Sci. Technol., 138, pp. 233–255.
Subramaniam, S., and O’Rourke, P. J., 1998, “Numerical Convergence of the KIVA-3 Code for Sprays and Its Implications for Modeling,” Los Alamos Laboratory Report UR-98-5465, Los Alamos, NM.
Iyer,  V. A., Abraham,  J., and Magi,  V., 2001, “Exploring Injected Droplet Size Effects on Steady Liquid Penetration in Diesel Spray With a Two-Fluid Model,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 519–531.
Iyer,  V. A., Post,  S. L., and Abraham,  J., 2000, “Is the Liquid Penetration in Diesel Sprays Mixing Controlled?” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 28 , pp. 1111–1118.
Ishii, M., 1975, Thermo-Fluid Dynamic Theory of Two-Phase Flows, Eyrolles, Paris.
Drew,  D. A., 1983, “Mathematical Modeling of Two-Phase Flow,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 15, pp. 261–291.
Crowe, C., Sommerfed, M., and Tsuji, Y., 1998, Multiphase Flows With Droplets and Particles, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Iyer, V. A., 2001, “Modeling of Diesel Sprays Using an Eulerian-Liquid Eulerian-Gas Two-Fluid Model,” Ph.D. dissertation, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.
Csanady,  G. T., 1963, “Turbulent Diffusion of Heavy Particles in the Atmosphere,” J. Atmos. Sci., 105, pp. 329–334.
Issa, R. I., and Oliveira, P. J., 1996, “Validation of Two-Fluid Mixing in Shear-Free Mixing Layer,” Proceedings of the Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, ASME, New York, 1 , pp. 113–120.
Chan,  S. H., and Abou-Ellail,  M. M. M., 1994, “A Two-Fluid Model for Reacting Turbulent Two-Phase Flows,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 116, pp. 427–435.
Launder,  B. E., and Spalding,  D. B., 1974, “The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 3, pp. 269–289.
Abraham,  J., and Magi,  V., 1998, “Computations of Jets-RNG vs. Standard k-ε Model,” SAE Trans., 106(3), pp. 1442–1452.
Reitz,  R. D., 1987, “Modeling Atomization Processes in High Pressure Vaporizing Sprays,” Atomization and Spray Technology, 3 , pp. 309–337.
Beale,  J. C., and Reitz,  R. D., 1999, “Modeling Spray Atomization With the Kelvin-Helmholtz/Rayleigh-Taylor Hybrid Model,” Atomization Sprays, 9, pp. 623–650.
Gidaspow, D., 1984, Multiphase Flow and Fluidization: Continuum and Kinetic Theory Descriptions, McGraw-Hill, New York.
O’Rourke, P. J., 1981, “Collective Drop Effects on Vaporizing Liquid Sprays,” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Patankar,  S. V., and Spalding,  D. B., 1972, “A Calculation Procedure for Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer in Three-Dimensional Parabolic Flows,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 15, pp. 1787–1806.
Liles,  D. R., and Reed,  W. H., 1978, “A Semi-Implicit Method for Two-Phase Fluid Dynamics,” J. Comput. Phys., 26, pp. 390–407.
Magi, V., 1987, “REC-87: A New 3-D Code for Flows, Sprays and Combustion in Reciprocating and Rotary Engines,” Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Report 1793, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Patankar, S. V., 1980, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere, Washington DC.
Wu,  K. J., Santavicca,  A., Bracco,  F. V., and Coghe,  A., 1984, “LDV Measurements of Drop Velocity in Diesel-Type Sprays,” AIAA J., 22(9), pp. 1263–1270.
Cossali, G. E., Berlaano, A., Coghe, A., and Brunello, G., 1996, “Effect of Gas Density and Temperature on Air Entrainment in a Transient Diesel Spray,” SAE Paper 960862.
Andriani,  R., Coghe,  A., and Cossali,  G., 1996, “Near-Field Entrainment in Unsteady Gas Jets and Diesel Sprays: A Comparative Study,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, 26 , pp. 2549–2556.
Witze, P. O., 1980, “The Impulsively Started Incompressible Turbulent Jet,” Sandia Laboratories Energy Report SAND80-8617, Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA.
Post,  S. L., Iyer,  V. A., and Abraham,  J., 2000, “A Study of Near-Field Entrainment in Gas Jets and Sprays Under Diesel Conditions,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 122, pp. 385–395.
Naber, J. D., and Siebers, D. L., 1996, “Effects of Gas Density and Vaporization on Penetration and Dispersion of Diesel Sprays,” SAE Paper 960034.
Abraham,  J., 1996, “Entrainment Characteristics of Transient Gas Jets,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 30, pp. 347–364.
Ricou,  F., and Spalding,  D., 1961, “Measurements of Entrainment by Axisymmetrical Turbulent Jets,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 11, pp. 21–32.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Injected mass flow rate versus time. Measurements of Cossali et al. 27.
Grahic Jump Location
Computational grid. Parameters indicated are for comparisons with measurements of Wu et al. 26.
Grahic Jump Location
Axial velocity versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case A
Grahic Jump Location
Axial liquid velocity versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case B
Grahic Jump Location
Axial liquid velocity versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case C
Grahic Jump Location
Turbulent kinetic energy versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case A
Grahic Jump Location
Turbulent kinetic energy versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case B
Grahic Jump Location
Turbulent kinetic energy versus radial distance: comparisons with measurements: Case C
Grahic Jump Location
Entrainment velocity versus time: computed (B1=10) and measured: Case 1: +, ○, ▵ measured; — computed, lower resolution; --- computed, higher resolution
Grahic Jump Location
Entrainment velocity versus time: computed with measured injection rate profile for Case 1: +, ○, ▵ measured; — computed with uniform rejection rate; --- computed with measured injection rate
Grahic Jump Location
Entrainment versus axial distance: computed and measured: effect of ambient density
Grahic Jump Location
Computed entrainment constant versus axial distance for vaporizing sprays: effect of ambient density
Grahic Jump Location
Entrainment constant versus axial distance: computed and measured: effect of ambient temperature
Grahic Jump Location
Computed entrainment constant versus axial distance: effect of drag and vaporization

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In