Measurements of Resistance of Individual Square-Mesh Screens to Oscillating Flow at Low and Intermediate Reynolds Numbers

[+] Author and Article Information
Ray Scott Wakeland, Robert M. Keolian

The Pennsylvania State University, Graduate Program in Acoustics, P.O. Box 30, State College, PA 16804-0030

J. Fluids Eng 125(5), 851-862 (Oct 07, 2003) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1601254 History: Received October 25, 2002; Revised April 21, 2003; Online October 07, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Swift, G. W., 2002, Thermoacoustics: A Unifying Perspective for Some Engines and Refrigerators, Acoustical Society of America, asa.aip.org
APS Dynamics, Inc., Carlsbad, CA. www.apsdynamics.com
Lucas Control Systems, Schaevitz Sensors, Hampton, VA, www.schaevitz.com
Validyne Engineering Corp., Northridge, CA. www.validyne.com
Zhao,  T. S., and Cheng,  P., 1996, “Oscillatory Pressure Drops Through a Woven-Screen Packed Column Subjected to a Cyclic Flow,” Cryogenics, 36(5), pp. 331–341.
Hsu,  C.-T., Fu,  H., and Cheng,  P., 1999, “On Pressure-Velocity Correlation of Steady and Oscillating Flows in Regenerators Made of Wire Screens,” Trans. ASME, 121, pp. 52–56.
Omega Engineering, Inc., Stamford, CT. www.omega.com
Schubauer, G. B., Spangenberg, W. G., and Klebanoff, P. S., 1950, “Aerodynamic Characteristics of Damping Screens,” NACA T.N. 2001.
Taylor, G. I., and Davies, R. M., 1944, “The Aerodynamics of Porous Sheets,” AES Rep. & Mem. 2237.
Annand,  W. J. D., 1953, “The Resistance to Air Flow of Wire Gauzes,” J. R. Aero. Soc.,57, pp. 141–146.
Brundrett,  E., 1993, “Prediction of Pressure Drop for Incompressible Flow Through Screens,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 239–242.
Hino,  M., Sawamoto,  M., and Takasu,  S., 1976, “Experiments on Transition to Turbulence in a Oscillatory Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 75, pp. 193–207.
Pinker,  R. A., and Herbert,  M. V., 1967, “Pressure Loss Associated With Compressible Flow Through Square-Mesh Wire Gauzes,” J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 9(1), pp. 11–23.
Simmonds, L. F. G., and Cowdrey, C. F., 1945, “Measurements of the Aerodynamic Forces Acting on Porous Screens,” AES Rep. & Mem. 2276.
Groth,  J., and Johansson,  A. V., 1988, “Turbulence Reduction by Screens,” J. Fluid Mech., 197, pp. 139–155.
Ergun,  S., 1952, “Fluid Flow Through Packed Columns,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 48(2), pp. 89–94.
Ehrhardt,  G., 1983, “Flow Measurements for Wire Gauzes,” Int. Chem. Eng., 23(3), pp. 455–465 (translated from Aufbereitungstechnik, 1981, 22 (7), pp. 374–382).
Wieghardt,  K. E. G., 1953, “On the Resistance of Screens,” Aeronaut. Q., IV, pp. 186–192.
Cornell,  W. G., 1958, “Losses in Flow Normal of Plane Screens,” Trans. ASME, 80, pp. 791–799.
Chhabra,  R. P., and Richardson,  J. F., 1985, “Flow of Liquids Through Screens: Relationship Between Pressure Drop and Flow Rate,” Chem. Eng. Sci., 40(2), pp. 313–316.
Munson,  B. R., 1988, “Very Low Reynolds Number Flow Through Screens,” Trans. ASME, 110, pp. 462–463.
Armour,  J. C., and Cannon,  J. N., 1968, “Fluid Flow Through Woven Screens,” AIChE J., 14(3), pp. 415–420.
Coppage,  J. E., and London,  A. L., 1956, “Heat Transfer and Flow Friction Characteristics of Porous Media,” Chem. Eng. Prog., 52, pp. 57F–63F.
Kays, W. M., and London, A. L., 1998, Compact Heat Exchangers, 3rd Ed., Krieger, Malibar, FL.
Tong,  L. S., and London,  A. L., 1957, “Heat Transfer and Flow Friction Characteristics of Woven-Screen and Cross-Rod Matrixes,” Trans. ASME, 79, pp. 1558–1570.
Organ, A. J., 1992, Thermodynamics and Gas Dynamics of the Stirling Cycle Machine, Cambridge University Press, New York, Fig. 7.4.
Tanaka,  M., Yamashita,  I., and Chisaka,  F., 1990, “Flow and Heat Transfer Characteristics of the Stirling Engine Regenerator in an Oscillating Flow,” JSME Int. J., 33(3), pp. 283–289.


Grahic Jump Location
Seven example data sets
Grahic Jump Location
Experimental and theoretical results from parallel plates at low amplitude, used to study the overall uncertainty in K
Grahic Jump Location
Correlation of data from all 21 test screens using the function G1
Grahic Jump Location
Plots of A0 for (a) our data, and (b) Ehrhart’s data, 16
Grahic Jump Location
Various correlation methods
Grahic Jump Location
Measurements do not show an expected change in loss factor near the amplitude where the gas stroke equals the wire diameter, shown by the vertical dashed line for data at 0.5 Hz (part (a)) and 9 Hz (part (b)). The solid diagonal line in each plot is K=204 Red−1.
Grahic Jump Location
Results from the empty duct, used to estimate uncertainties in the gas velocity and the phase of the pressure
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of the measurement apparatus




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In