0
TECHNICAL PAPERS

The Structure of Wall-Impinging Jets: Computed Versus Theoretical and Measured Results

[+] Author and Article Information
Lijun Song, John Abraham

School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

J. Fluids Eng 125(6), 997-1005 (Jan 12, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1625686 History: Received February 18, 2002; Revised July 15, 2002; Online January 12, 2004
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Martin,  H., 1977, “Heat and Mass Transfer between Impinging Gas Jets and Solid Surfaces,” Adv. Heat Transfer, 13, pp. 1–60.
Beltaos,  S., and Rajaratnam,  N., 1972, “Impinging Circular Turbulent Jets,” J. Hydraul. Div., Am. Soc. Civ. Eng., 100, pp. 1313–1328.
Fujimoto, H., Nogami M., Hyun G., Nogami, M., Hirakawa, K., Asai, T., and Senda, J., 1997, “Characteristics of Free and Impinging Gas Jets by Means of Image Processing,” SAE Paper 970045.
Jambunathan,  K., Lai,  E., Moss,  M. A., and Button,  B. L., 1992, “A Review of Heat Transfer Data for Single Circular Jet Impingement,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 13, pp. 106–115.
Goldstein,  R. J., and Franchett,  M. E., 1988, “Heat Transfer From a Flat Surface to an Oblique Impinging Jet,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 110, pp. 84–90.
Dec, J. E., and Tree, D. R., 2001, “Diffusion-Flame/Wall Interactions in a Heavy-Duty DI Diesel Engine,” SAE Paper 2001-01-1295.
Kittelson,  D. B., Ambs,  J. L., and Hadjkacem,  H., 1990, “Particulate Emissions From Diesel Engines—Influence of In-Cylinder Surface,” SAE Trans., 99, pp. 1457–1472.
Song, L., and Abraham, J., 2001, “Effect of Injector Hole Size, Number and Orientation on Diesel Engine Emissions,” Proceedings of the Second Joint Meeting of the US Sections of the Combustion Institute, Oakland, CA, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.
Iyer, V. A., Post, S., and Abraham J., 2000, “Is the Liquid Penetration in Diesel Sprays Mixing Controlled?” Proceedings of 28th Combustion Institute, The Combustion Institute, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 1111–1118.
Iyer,  V. A., Abraham,  J., and Magi,  V., 2002, “Exploring Injected Droplet Size Effects on Steady Liquid Penetration in a Diesel Spray With a Two-Fluid Model,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 45, pp. 519–531.
Post,  S., and Abraham,  J., 2001, “A Computational Study of the Processes That Affect the Steady Liquid Penetration in Full-Cone Diesel Sprays,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 165, pp. 1–40.
Siebers, D., 1998, “Liquid Phase Fuel Penetration in Diesel Sprays,” SAE Paper 980809.
Bakke,  P., 1957, “An Experimental Investigation of a Wall Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 2, pp. 467–472.
Tanaka,  T., and Tanaka,  E., 1977, “Experimental Studies of a Radial Turbulent Jet (2nd Report, Wall Jet on a Flat Smooth Plate),” Bull. JSME, 20, pp. 209–215.
Poreh,  M., Tsuei,  Y. G., and Cermak,  J. E., 1967, “Investigation of a Turbulent Radial Wall Jet,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 34, pp. 457–463.
Witze, P. O., and Dwyer H. A., 1977, “Impinging Axisymmetric Turbulent Flows: The Wall Jet, the Radial Jet and Opposing Free Jets,” Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Turbulent Shear Flows, Pennsylvania, pp. 2.33–2.39.
Launder,  B. E., and Rodi,  W., 1983, “The Turbulent Wall Jet—Measurements and Modeling,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 15, pp. 429–459.
Tomita, E., Hamamoto, Y., Tsutsumi, H., Takasaki, S., Watanabe, T., and Yoshiyama, S., 1995, “Visualization of Ambient Air Motion and Entrainment Into a Transient Gas Jet Impinging on a Flat Wall,” SAE Paper 952513.
Glauert,  M. B., 1956, “The Wall Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 1, Part 6, pp. 625–643.
Patankar, S. V., and Spalding, D. B., 1967, Heat and Mass Transfer in Boundary Layers, Morgan-Grampian, London.
Magi, V., 1987, “A New 3-D Code for Flows, Sprays, and Combustion in Reciprocating and Rotary Engines,” Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Report, No. 1793, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Iyer,  V., and Abraham,  J., 1998, “The Computed Structure of a Combusting Transient Jet Under Diesel Conditions,” SAE Trans., 107, pp. 1669–1693.
Abraham,  J., and Magi,  V., 1998, “A Model for Multicomponent Droplet Vaporization in Sprays,” SAE Trans., 107, pp. 603–613.
Post,  S., Iyer,  V., and Abraham,  J., 2000, “A Study of Near-Field Entrainment in Gas Jets and Sprays Under Diesel Conditions,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 122, pp. 385–395.
Launder,  B. E., and Spalding,  D. B., 1974, “The Numerical Computation of Turbulent Flows,” Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng., 3, pp. 269–289.
Yakhot,  V., Orszag,  S. A., Thangam,  S., Gatski,  T. B., and Speziale,  C. G., 1992, “Development of Turbulence Models for Shear Flows by a Double Expansion Technique,” Phys. Fluids A, 4, pp. 1510–1520.
Abraham,  J., and Magi,  V., 1997, “Computation of Transient Jets: RNG k-ε Model Versus Standard k-ε Model,” SAE Trans., 106, pp. 1442–1452.
Chien,  K. Y., 1982, “Predictions of Channel and Boundary-Layer Flows With a Low-Reynolds-Number Turbulent Model,” AIAA J., 20, pp. 33–38.
Launder,  B. E., and Sharma,  B. I., 1974, “Application of Energy Dissipation Model of Turbulence to the Calculation of Flow Near a Spinning Disc,” Lett. Heat Mass Transfer, 1, pp. 131–138.
Jones,  W. P., and Launder,  B. E., 1972, “The Prediction of Laminarization With a Two-Equation Model of Turbulence,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 15, pp. 301–314.
Lam,  C. K. G., and Bremhorst,  K. A., 1981, “Modified Form of the k-ε Model for Predicting Wall Turbulence,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 103, pp. 456–460.
Patel,  V. C., Rodi,  W., and Scheuerer,  G., 1985, “Turbulence Models for Near-Wall and Low-Reynolds Number Flows: A Review,” AIAA J., 23, pp. 1308–1319.
Wilcox, D. C., 1998, Turbulence and Modeling for CFD, 2nd Ed., DCW Industries.
Iyer,  V., and Abraham,  J., 1997, “Penetration and Dispersion of Transient Gas Jets and Sprays,” Combust. Sci. Technol., 130, pp. 315–334.
Schlichting, H., 1987, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Abraham,  J., 1996, “Entrainment Characteristics of Transient Gas Jets,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 30, pp. 347–364.
Magi,  V., Iyer,  V., and Abraham,  J., 2001, “The k-ε Model and Computed Spreading Rates in Round and Plane Jets,” Numer. Heat Transfer, 40, pp. 317–334.
Abraham,  J., and Bracco,  F. V., 1989, “Fuel-Air Mixing and Distribution in a Direct-Injection Stratified Charge Rotary Engine,” SAE Trans., 98, pp. 515–526.
Abraham, J., Khan, A., and Magi, V., 1999, “Jet-Jet and Jet-Wall Interactions of Transient Jets From Multi-Hole Injectors,” SAE Paper 1999-01-0513.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Structure of an impinging jet
Grahic Jump Location
Cross-section of the constant volume chamber
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and computed jet penetrations of free and impinging jets; 0.25 mm (axial)×0.20 mm (radial) minimum grid size
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of resolution on computed tip penetrations
Grahic Jump Location
Measured and computed tip penetrations of free and impinging jets; 0.10 mm(axial)×0.10 mm(radial) minimum grid size
Grahic Jump Location
Computed jet penetrations with no-slip and free-slip boundary conditions
Grahic Jump Location
Effects of initial ambient diffusivity on computed jet penetrations
Grahic Jump Location
Computed penetrations with different cutoff values for fuel mass fraction (f )
Grahic Jump Location
Computed jet penetrations with standard k-ε model and RNG k-ε model
Grahic Jump Location
Similarity velocity profiles in wall jets
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of the half-width of the jet with distance from the point of impingement
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of the maximum radial velocity with distance from the point of impingement
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Fuel mass fraction contours at 15 ms ASI in the free jet, (b) fuel mass fraction contours at 20 ms ASI in the free jet
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Fuel mass fraction contours at 15 ms in the wall-impinging jet, L=5 cm, i.e., L/D=31.25; (b) fuel mass fraction contours at 20 ms in the wall-impinging jet, L=5 cm, i.e., L/D=31.25
Grahic Jump Location
Rich, flammable, and lean fraction of fuel in the jets
Grahic Jump Location
Entrained volume of the jets
Grahic Jump Location
Entrained volume of the jets
Grahic Jump Location
Rich, flammable, and lean fraction of fuel in the jets; higher resolution

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In