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TECHNICAL BRIEFS

Rapid Transition to Turbulence in Pipe Flows Accelerated From Rest

[+] Author and Article Information
David Greenblatt, Edward A. Moss

University of the Witwatersrand, PO WITS 2050, South Africa

J. Fluids Eng 125(6), 1072-1075 (Jan 12, 2004) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1624423 History: Received January 13, 2003; Revised June 23, 2003; Online January 12, 2004
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

Wygnanski,  I. J., and Champagne,  F. H., 1973, “On Transition in a Pipe. Part 1. The Origin of Puffs and Slugs and the Flow in a Turbulent Slug,” J. Fluid Mech., 59, pp. 281–335.
Morkovin, M. V., and Reshotko, E., 1990, “Dialogue on Progress and Issues in Stability and Transition Research,” Laminar-Turbulent Transition, IUTAM Symposium, Toulouse, D. Arnal and R. Michel, eds., Springer, Berlin, pp. 1–29.
Davey,  A., and Drazin,  P. G., 1969, “The Stability of Poiseuille Flow in a Pipe,” J. Fluid Mech., 221, pp. 209–218.
Patera,  A. T., and Orszag,  S. A., 1981, “Finite Amplitude Stability of Axisymmetric Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 112, pp. 467–474.
Shan,  H., Zhang,  Z., and Nieuwstadt,  F. T. M., 1999, “Direct Numerical Simulation of a Puff and a Slug in Transitional Cylindrical Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 387, pp. 39–60.
Ma,  B., van Doorne,  C. W. H., Zhang,  Z., and Nieuwstadt,  F. T. M., 1999, “On the Spatial Evolution of a Wall-Imposed Periodic Disturbance in Pipe Poiseuille Flow at Re=3000. Part 1. Subcritical Disturbance,” J. Fluid Mech., 398, pp. 181–224.
Eliahou,  S., Tumin,  A., and Wygnanski,  I., 1998, “Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Poiseuille Pipe Flow Subjected to Periodic Perturbation Emanating From the Wall,” J. Fluid Mech., 361, pp. 333–349.
Han,  G., Tumin,  A., and Wygnanski,  I., 2000, “Laminar-Turbulent Transition in Poiseuille Pipe Flow Subjected to Periodic Perturbation Emanating From the Wall, Part II: Late Stage of Transition,” J. Fluid Mech., 419, pp. 1–27.
Hino,  M., Sawamoto,  M., and Takasu,  S., 1976, “Experiments on Transition to Turbulence in an Oscillating Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 75, pp. 193–207.
Akhavan,  R., Kamm,  R. D., and Shapiro,  A. H., 1991, “An Investigation of Transition to Turbulence in Bounded Oscillatory Stokes Flows. Part 1. Experiments,” J. Fluid Mech., 225, pp. 395–422.
Merkli,  P., and Thomann,  H., 1975, “Transition to Turbulence in Oscillating Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 68, pp. 567–575.
Das,  D., and Arakeri,  J. H., 1998, “Transition of Unsteady Velocity Profiles With Reverse Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 374, pp. 251–283.
Moss,  E. A., and Abbot,  A. H., 2002, “The Effect of Finite Amplitude Disturbance Magnitude on Departures From Laminar Conditions in Impulsively Started and Steady Pipe Entrance Flows,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 124, pp. 236–240.
Lefebvre,  P. J., and White,  F. M., 1989, “Experiments on Transition to Turbulence in a Constant-Acceleration Pipe Flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 124, pp. 236–240.
Schlichting, H., 1979, Boundary Layer Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York, Chap. XVI, pp. 448–452.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
LDV data acquired at y/a≈1.0 for (1) a simple acceleration from rest; and (2) acceleration from rest, followed by deceleration
Grahic Jump Location
Velocity profiles during the acceleration phase (t<2 s), showing (a) flow development across the pipe radius, and (b) near-wall details of the boundary layer (caption on Fig. 2(b)).
Grahic Jump Location
Near-wall velocity profiles during the deceleration phase (2 s<t<2.5 s)
Grahic Jump Location
Velocity profiles subsequent to the deceleration phase (t>2.5 s)
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Velocity profiles averaged over 1 s time intervals subsequent to transition

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