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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flow in the Exit Head Section of a Heat Exchanger

[+] Author and Article Information
J. H. Nie, B. F. Armaly

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and Engineering Mechanics University of Missouri–Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409

W. Q. Tao, Q. W. Wang

School of Energy and Power Engineering Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China

J. Fluids Eng 126(1), 72-80 (Feb 19, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1637635 History: Received September 11, 2001; Revised September 12, 2003; Online February 19, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Chrisholm, D., 1980, Developments in Heat Exchanger Technology—I, Applied Science Publishers, London, England.
Huppan, T., 2000, Heat Exchanger Design Handbook, Marcel Dekker, New York.
Shah, R. K., and London, A. L., 1978, Laminar Flow Forced Convection in Ducts, Academic Press, New York.
Kakac, S., and Liu, H. T., 1997, Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, CRC Press, New York.
Bremhorst,  K., and Flint,  P. J., 1991, “The Effect of Flow Patterns on the Erosion/Corrosion of Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers,” Wear, 145, pp. 123–135.
Yu,  B., Nie,  J. H., Wang,  Q. W., and Tao,  W. Q., 1999, “Experimental Study on the Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer Characteristics of Tubes with Internal Wave-Like Longitudinal Fins,” Heat Mass Transfer, 35, pp. 65–73.
Halle, H., Chenoweth, J. M., and Wambsganss, M. W., 1984, “Shell Side Water Flow Pressure Drop Distribution Measurements in an Industrial-Sized Test Heat Exchanger,” In: A Reappraisal of Shell Side Tube Flow in Heat Exchangers,” 22nd Heat Transfer Conference and Exhibition, Niagara Falls, ASME, HTD 36 , pp. 37–48.
Zhang,  C., 1994, “Numerical Modeling Using a Quasi-Three-Dimensional Procedure for Large Power Plant Condensers,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 116, pp. 180–188.
Prithiraj,  M., and Andrews,  M. J., 1998, “Three Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers—Part I: Foundation and Fluid Mechanics,” Numer. Heat Transfer, Part A, 33, 799–816.
Tao, W. Q., Nie, J. H., Cheng, P., and Wang, Q. W., 2001, “Numerical Simulation of Three-Dimensional Turbulent Flow in a Complex Geometry, with LDV Experimental Confirmation,” Proceedings of 2nd ICHMT Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, Queensland, Australia, pp. 1235–1242.
Miller, R. W., 1996, Flow Measurement Engineering Handbook, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York.
Wang,  L. B., Tao,  W. Q., Wang,  Q. W., and He,  Y. L., 2001, “Experimental and Numerical Study of Turbulent Heat Transfer in Twisted Square Ducts,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 123, pp. 868–877.
Barnett, D. O., and Bentley, H. T., 1974, “Statistical Bias of Individual Realization Laser Velocimeters,” Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Laser Velocimetry, Engineering Extension Series, Purdue University, 144 , pp. 428–444.
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Figures

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Variation of the friction factor as a function of Reynolds numbers
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Radial distribution of Reynolds shear stress components on the measuring plane A-A in the inlet region of the outlet-tube for Re=46,122
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Radial distribution of Reynolds normal stress components on the measuring plane A-A in the inlet region of the outlet-tube for Re=46,122
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Radial distribution of Reynolds shear stress components on the measuring plane A-A for Re=46,122
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Radial distribution of Reynolds normal stress components on the measuring plane A-A for Re=46,122
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Radial distribution of mean velocity components on the measuring plane A-A for Re=46,122
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Velocity distributions on the measuring plane A-A at z=152 mm
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Velocity distributions on the measuring plane A-A at z=136 mm
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Velocity distributions on the measuring plane A-A at z=120 mm
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Distribution of velocity components on the measuring plane A-A for Re=46,122
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Velocity vector field on the measuring plane A-A for Re=46,122
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Planes where measurements are made
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Laser Doppler system and the test section
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Coordinates transformations for the traverse system and the measured velocities
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Schematic for the exit head section of the heat exchanger
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Schematic of wind tunnel and test section

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