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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Rheological Properties and Frictional Pressure Loss of Drilling, Completion, and Stimulation Fluids in Coiled Tubing

[+] Author and Article Information
Yunxu Zhou, Subhash N. Shah

  Mewbourne School of Petroleum and Geological Engineering, Well Construction Technology Center, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019e-mail: subhash@ou.edu

J. Fluids Eng 126(2), 153-161 (May 03, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1669033 History: Received January 07, 2003; Revised June 30, 2003; Online May 03, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Dean,  W. R., 1927, “Note on the Motion of Fluid in a Curved Pipe,” Philos. Mag., 20, pp. 208–223.
Dean,  W. R., 1928, “The Streamline Motion of Fluid in a Curved Pipe,” Philos. Mag., 30, pp. 673–693.
Zhou, Y., and Shah, S. N., 2002, “Fluid Flow in Coiled Tubing: A Critical Review and Experimental Investigation,” paper 2002-225, the Canadian International Petroleum Conference, June 11–13, Calgary, Canada.
API, 1998, RP 39, Recommended Practice on Measuring the Viscous Properties of a Cross-linked Water-based Fracturing Fluid, 3rd edition, API, Dallas.
API, 1995, RP 13D, Recommended Practice on the Rheology and Hydraulics of Oil-well Drilling Fluids, 3rd edition, API, Dallas.
Darley, H. C. H., and Gray, G. R., 1988, Composition and Properties of Drilling and Completion Fluids, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas.
Bourgoyne, A. T., Jr., Millheim, K. K., Chenevert, M. E., and Young F. S., Jr., 1991, Applied Drilling Engineering, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Richardson, Texas.
Allen, T. O., and Roberts, A. P., 1989, Production Operations: Well Completions, Workover, and Stimulation, 3rd ed., Oil & Gas Consultants International, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
Lipton, D., and Burnett, D. B., 1976, “Comparisons of Polymers Used in Workover and Completion Fluids,” paper SPE 5872, the 46th Annual California Regional Meeting of the SPE of AIME, Long Beach, California.
Rochfort,  W. E., and Middleman,  S., 1987, “Rheology of Xanthan Gum: Salt, Temperature, and Strain Effects in Oscillatory and Steady Shear Experiments,” J. Rheol., 31, pp. 337–369.
Kadaster,  A. G., Gild,  G. J., Hanni,  G. L., and Schmidt,  D. D., 1992, “Field Applications of PHPA Muds,” SPEDE, September , pp. 191–199.
Ito,  H., 1959, “Friction Factors for Turbulent Flow in Curved Pipes,” J. Basic Eng., 81(2), pp. 123–134.
Srinivasan,  P. S., Nandapurkar,  S. S., and Holland,  F. A., 1970, “Friction Factors for Coils,” Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 48, pp. T156–T161.
Chen,  N. H., 1979, “An Explicit Equation for Friction Factor in Pipe,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 18, pp. 296–297.
Virk,  P. S., 1975, “Drag Reduction Fundamentals,” AIChE J., 21, pp. 625–656.
Sreenivasan,  K. R., and Strykowski,  P. J., 1983, “Stabilization Effects in Flow Through Helically Coiled Pipes,” Exp. Fluids, 1, pp. 31–36.
Webster,  D. R., and Humphrey,  J. A. C., 1993, “Experimental Observations of Flow Instability in a Helical Coil,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 436–443.
Tsang,  H. Y., and James,  D. F., 1980, “Reduction of Secondary Motion in Curved Tubes,” J. Rheol., 24, pp. 589–601.
Shah, S. N., Zhou, Y., and Goel, N., 2002, “Flow Behavior of Fracturing Slurries in Coiled Tubing,” paper SPE 74811, the SPE/ICoTA Coiled Tubing Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Viscosity Behavior of 40 lbm/Mgal Xanthan
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Viscosity Behavior of 40 lbm/Mgal PHPA
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Comparison of Viscosity Behavior of Fluids Tested at 75°F
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Friction Factor of Water in 2-3/8 in. Coiled Tubing
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Friction Behavior of 25 lbm/Mgal Guar Gum in 2-3/8 in. Straight and Coiled Tubings
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Drag Reduction Behavior of Guar Gum in 2-3/8 in. Coiled Tubing
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Drag Reduction Behavior of Guar Gum in 1 in. Coiled Tubing
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Drag Reduction Behavior of Guar Gum in 2-3/8 in. Straight Tubing
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Comparison of Drag Reduction between 1-1/2 in. Coiled and Straight Tubings
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Effect of Solids on Friction Losses of 35 lbm/Mgal Guar Gum in 2-3/8 in. Coiled Tubing 19

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