Phase-Average Mean Flow and Turbulence Structure in a Staggered Cylinder Array Subjected to Pulsating Cross-Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
E. Konstantinidis, S. Balabani, M. Yianneskis

Experimental and Computational Laboratory for the Analysis of Turbulence, Department of Mechanical Engineering, King’s College, London, Strand, WC2R 2LS, London, U.K.

J. Fluids Eng 126(3), 323-336 (Jul 12, 2004) (14 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1760538 History: Received April 25, 2003; Revised November 20, 2003; Online July 12, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Konstantinidis,  E., Balabani,  S., and Yianneskis,  M., 2002, “A study of vortex shedding in a staggered tube array for steady and pulsating cross-flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 124, pp. 737–746.
Wallis,  R. P., 1939, “Photographic study of fluid flow between banks of tubes,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., 142, pp. 379–387.
Paı̈doussis,  M. P., 1983, “A review of flow-induced vibrations in reactors and reactor components,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 74, pp. 31–60.
Abd-Rabbo,  A., and Weaver,  D. S., 1986, “A flow visualization study of flow development in a staggered tube array,” J. Sound Vib., 106, pp. 241–256.
Weaver,  D. S., and Abd-Rabbo,  A., 1985, “A flow visualization study of a square array of tubes in water cross-flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 107, pp. 354–363.
Ziada,  S., and Oengören,  A., 1993, “Vortex shedding in an in-line tube bundle with large tube spacings,” J. Fluids Struct., 7, pp. 661–687.
Weaver,  D. S., Lian,  H. Y., and Huang,  X. Y., 1993, “A study of vortex shedding in rotated square arrays,” J. Fluids Struct., 7, pp. 107–121.
Price,  S. J., Paı̈doussis,  M. P., and Mark,  B., 1995, “Flow visualization of the interstitial cross-flow through parallel triangular and rotated square arrays of cylinders,” J. Sound Vib., 181, pp. 85–98.
Polak,  D. R., and Weaver,  D. S., 1995, “Vortex shedding in normal triangular tube arrays,” J. Fluids Struct., 9, pp. 1–17.
Oengören,  A., and Ziada,  S., 1998, “An in-depth study of vortex shedding, acoustic resonance and turbulent forces in normal triangle tube arrays,” J. Fluids Struct., 12, pp. 717–758.
Ziada,  S., and Oengören,  A., 2000, “Flow periodicity and acoustic resonance in parallel triangle tube bundles,” J. Fluids Struct., 14, pp. 197–219.
Moretti,  P. M., 1993, “Flow-induced vibrations in arrays of cylinders,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 25, pp. 99–114.
Weaver,  D. S., and Fitzpatrick,  J. A., 1988, “A review of cross-flow induced vibrations in heat exchanger tube arrays,” J. Fluids Struct., 2, pp. 73–93.
Halim, M. S., and Turner, J. T., 1986, “Measurements of cross flow development in a staggered tube bundle,” 3rd Int. Symp. Appl. Laser Tech. Fluid Mech., Lisbon, paper 21.7.
Simonin, O., and Barcouda, M., 1986, “Measurements of fully developed turbulent flow across tube bundle,” 3rd Int. Symp. Appl. Laser Tech. Fluid Mech., Lisbon, paper 21.5.
Meyer, K. E., and Larsen, P. S., 1994, “LDA study of turbulent flow in a staggered tube bundle,” 7th Int. Symp. Appl. Laser Tech. Fluid Mech., Lisbon, paper 39.4.
Balabani,  S., and Yianneskis,  M., 1996, “An experimental study of the mean flow and turbulence structure of cross-flow over tube bundles,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C: J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 210, pp. 317–331.
Balabani,  S., and Yianneskis,  M., 1997, “Vortex shedding and turbulence scales in staggered tube bundle flows,” Can. J. Chem. Eng., 75, pp. 823–831.
Beale,  S. B., and Spalding,  D. B., 1999, “A numerical study of unsteady fluid flow in in-line and staggered tube banks,” J. Fluids Struct., 13, pp. 723–754.
Barsamian,  H. R., and Hassan,  Y. A., 1997, “Large eddy simulation of turbulent cross-flow in tube bundles,” Nucl. Eng. Des., 109, pp. 103–122.
Rollet-Miet,  P., Laurence,  D., and Ferziger,  J., 1999, “LES and RANS of turbulent flow in tube bundles,” Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow, 20, pp. 241–254.
Castiglia,  D., Balabani,  S., Papadakis,  G., and Yianneskis,  M., 2001, “An experimental and numerical study of the flow past elliptic cylinder arrays,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C: J. Mech. Eng. Sci., 215, pp. 1287–1301.
Cantwell,  B., and Coles,  D., 1983, “An experimental-study of entrainment and transport in the turbulent near wake of a circular-cylinder,” J. Fluid Mech., 136, pp. 321–374.
Konstantinidis, E., 2001, “Pulsating flow in cylinder arrays,” Ph.D. Thesis, King’s College London, University of London.
Zhang,  Z., Eisele,  K., and Hirt,  F., 1997, “The influence of phase-averaging window size on the determination of turbulence quantities in unsteady turbulent flows,” Exp. Fluids, 23, pp. 263–267.
Sonnenberger,  R., Graichen,  K., and Erk,  P., 2000, “Fourier averaging: a phase averaging method for periodic flow,” Exp. Fluids, 28, pp. 217–224.
Benedict,  L. H., and Gould,  R. D., 1996, “Towards better uncertainty estimates for turbulence statistics,” Exp. Fluids, 22, pp. 129–136.
Lin,  J. C., Towfighi,  J., and Rockwell,  D., 1995, “Instantaneous structure of the near-wake of a circular-cylinder-on the effect of Reynolds-number,” J. Fluids Struct., 9, pp. 409–418.
Gaydon,  M., and Rockwell,  D., 1999, “Vortices incident upon an oscillating cylinder: flow structure and loading,” J. Fluids Struct., 13, pp. 709–722.
Armstrong,  B. J., Barnes,  F. H., and Grant,  I., 1987, “A comparison of the structure of the wake behind a circular-cylinder in steady flow with that in a perturbed flow,” Phys. Fluids, 30, pp. 19–26.
Konstantinidis, E., Castiglia, D., Papadakis, G., Balabani, S., and Bergeles, G., 2000, “Vortex lock-on phenomena due to pulsating flow in tube arrays,” 10th Int. Symp. Appl. Laser Tech. Fluid Mech., Lisbon, Portugal.
Griffin,  O. M., and Ramberg,  S. E., 1976, “Vortex shedding from a cylinder vibrating in line with an incident uniform flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 75, pp. 526–537.
Govardhan,  R., and Williamson,  C. H. K., 2001, “Mean and fluctuating velocity fields in the wake of a freely-vibrating cylinder,” J. Fluids Struct., 15, pp. 489–501.
Bloor,  M. S., and Gerrard,  J. H., 1966, “Measurements of turbulent vortices in a cylinder wake,” Proc. R. Soc. London, A294, pp. 319–342.
Aiba,  S., Tsuchida,  H., and Ota,  T., 1982, “Heat-transfer around tubes in staggered tube banks,” Bull. JSME, 25, pp. 927–933.


Grahic Jump Location
The configuration of the cylinder array studied
Grahic Jump Location
Phase-average mean (a) and rms (b) velocities for a measurement location. The data before filtering (dots) exhibit statistical fluctuations which are removed with a low-pass filter. The filtered result yields improved estimation of the measured quantities and smooth curves. Cut-off frequency=100 Hz.
Grahic Jump Location
The pulsation waveform upstream of the cylinder array. Two pulsation cycles correspond to 360 deg (one vortex shedding cycle)
Grahic Jump Location
Sectional streamlines of the unsteady mean flow
Grahic Jump Location
Mean vorticity contours
Grahic Jump Location
Peak vorticity as a function of phase-angle
Grahic Jump Location
The global flow pattern around the third row in the cylinder array. Flow direction is from top to bottom.
Grahic Jump Location
The instantaneous flow structure in the measurement region with superimposed phase-average mean velocity vectors: (a) ϕ=0 deg; (b) ϕ=12 deg
Grahic Jump Location
The turbulence kinetic energy field
Grahic Jump Location
The periodic and random Reynolds stress for ϕ=0 deg; (a) ũũ/Ub2, (b) ṽṽ/Ub2, (c) uu/Ub2, (d) vv/Ub2. Periodic mean velocity and the corresponding Reynolds stress as a function of phase-angle; (e) streamwise and (f ) transverse component.
Grahic Jump Location
Distributions of the periodic and total Reynolds stresses; (a) ũũ/Ub2, (b) ṽṽ/Ub2, (c) u⁁u⁁/Ub2 and (d) v⁁v⁁/Ub2.
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison between unforced (open symbols) and forced flow (solid symbols) in terms of the time-averaged velocity statistics (a) streamwise mean velocity, (b) transverse mean velocity, (c) streamwise total rms velocity, and (d) transverse total rms velocity.




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In