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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Flow Patterns of Ice/Water Slurry in Horizontal Pipes

[+] Author and Article Information
Takero Hirochi

Toba National College of Maritime Technology, 1-1 Ikegami,Toba, Japan

Yasuhiro Maeda, Shuichi Yamada, Masataka Shirakashi, Masaru Hattori

Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Japan

Akihiro Saito

Niigata Technical College, 1719 Fujihashi, Kashiwazaki, Japan

J. Fluids Eng 126(3), 436-441 (Jul 12, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1760541 History: Received August 03, 2003; Revised December 19, 2003; Online July 12, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Larkin, B., and Young, J. C., 1989, “Influence of ice slurry characteristics on hydraulic behavior,” Proc. 80th Annual. Conf. IDHCA, pp. 340–351.
Onojima, H., Takemoto, Y., Fukushima, M., and Takemoto, K., 1991, “A study on the hydraulic transportation of ice-water mixture for district cooling system,” Proc. 1st ASME/JSME Fluids Eng. Conf., 118, pp. 241–246.
Winters, P. J., and Kooy, R. J., 1991, “Direct freeze ice slurry district cooling system evaluation,” Official Proc., Annunciation Conference of IDHCA, 18, pp. 381–398.
Kawada,  K., Shirakashi,  M., and Yamada,  S., 2001, “Flow characteristics of ice/water slurry in a horizontal circular pipe,” SEPPYO, 63, pp. 11–19.
Hirochi,  T., Yamada,  S., and Shirakashi,  M., 2002, “Cohesive nature of ice particles and blocking phenomenon of ice/water slurry,” J. the Japanese Society of Snow and Ice; SEPPYO, 64-4, pp. 453–460.
Kitahara,  T., Shirakashi,  M., and Kajio,  Y., 1993, “Development of a snow-fraction meter based on the conductometric method,” Ann. Glaciol., 18, pp. 60–64.
Masuyama,  T., 2000, “Measurement of solid concentration in solid-liquid two-phase flow in pipes,” Japanese J. Multiphase Flow, 14-3, pp. 263–292.
Kawada, Y., Shirakashi, M., and Takahashi, S., 1996, “Characteristics of ice/water mixture flow in horizontal circular pipes,” Proc. 9th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena in Thermal-Fluids Engineering, Singapore, pp. 909–914.
Shirakashi,  M., Tokunaga,  Y., and Hashimoto,  T., 1987, “Pressure loss reduction due to mixing of coarse particles in a pipe flow,” Bull. JSME, 53–490, pp. 1672–1676.
Knodel,  B. D., France,  D. M., Choi,  U. S., and Wambsganss,  M. W., 2000, “Heat transfer and pressure drop in ice-water slurries,” Appl. Therm. Eng., 20, pp. 677.
Shirakashi,  M., Kawada,  Y., and Takahashi,  S., 1995, “Characteristics of ice/water slurry mixture in horizontal circular pipe,” Bull. JSME, 61–585, pp. 1632–1639.

Figures

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Procedure of the compression test
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Relationship between compression ratio rh and compressive stress σ
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Flow pattern of ice/water slurry for chipped ice (D=35 mm,f=20%)
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High ice-fraction column flow at a pipeline outlet
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Pseudo-homogeneous flow of beads (D=35 mm,U=1.5 m/s,f=20%) (The camera is moving with the flow)
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Usual solid/liquid two-phase flow patterns
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Pressure loss and flow patterns vs. velocity
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Schematic diagram of flow
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Flow patterns of ice/water slurry (D=26,30,50,80 mm) (Particles: fresh snow, granulated snow, and chipped ice)
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Excess pressure loss coefficient

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