Hydrodynamics of the Water and Gas Jet That Initiated the Lake Nyos Catastrophe

[+] Author and Article Information
Rudolf X. Meyer

University of California, Los Angeles

J. Fluids Eng 126(3), 493-494 (Jul 12, 2004) (2 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1760543 History: Received January 16, 2002; Revised November 13, 2003; Online July 12, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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Freeth,  S. J., and Kay,  R. L. F., 1987, “The Lake Nyos Gas Disaster,” Nature (London), 325, pp. 104–105.
Collection of papers on Lake Nyos in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 39, 1989.
Evans,  W. C. , 1993, “Gas Buildup in Lake Nyos, Cameroon: The Recharge Process and its Consequences,” Appl. Geochem., 8, pp. 207–221.
Evans,  W. C. , 1994, “Six Years of Change at Lake Nyos, Cameroon, Yield Clues to the Past and Cautions for the Future,” Geochemistry, 28, pp. 139–162.
Kling,  G. W. , 1994, “Degassing of Lake Nyos,” Nature (London), 368, pp. 405–406.
http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/vwdocs/volc_images/africa/nyos.html, and http://www.biology.lsa.umich.edu/∼gwk/research/nyos.html
Landolt-Börnstein, 1962, Chpt. on Solution Equilibria, II2b , pp. 1–28, Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.


Grahic Jump Location
Upwelling from the bottom of Lake Nyos. Sonic velocity of the liquid/gas mixture of the underwater column, as a function of the depth in the lake. From Eqs. (2a) and (2b).



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