Measurement and Modeling of Propeller Cavitation in Uniform Inflow

[+] Author and Article Information
Francisco Pereira

Francesco Salvatore, Fabio Di Felice

Istituto Nazionale per Studi ed Esperienze di Architettura Navale, Via di Vallerano, 139-00128 Rome, Italy

J. Fluids Eng 126(4), 671-679 (Sep 10, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1778716 History: Received July 04, 2003; Revised February 20, 2004; Online September 10, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Dupont, P., and Avellan, F., 1991, “Numerical Computation of a Leading Edge Cavity,” Proc. of Int. Symposium on Cavitation and Multiphase Flow, vol. FED-116, ASME-JSME, Portland, Oregon (USA), pp. 47–54.
Pereira, F., 1997, “Prédiction de l’Érosion de Cavitation: Approche Énergétique,” Ph.D. thesis, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Institut de Machines Hydrauliques et de Mécanique des Fluides (IMHEF-LMH), no 1592.
Pereira,  F., Avellan,  F., and Dupont,  P., 1998, “Prediction of Cavitation Erosion: An Energy Approach,” J. Fluids Eng., 120(4), pp. 719–727.
Chiba, N., Sasajima, T., and Hoshino, T., 1980, “Prediction of Propeller-Induced Fluctuating Pressures and Correlation With Full Scale Data,” Proc. of the 13th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, ONR, Tokyo, pp. 89–103.
Lehman, A. F., 1966, “Determination of Cavity Volumes Forming on a Rotating Blade,” 11th International Towing Tank Conference, ITTC, Tokyo (Japan), pp. 250–253.
Sontvedt, T., and Frivold, H., 1976, “Low Frequency Variation of the Surface Shape of Tip Region Cavitation of Marine Propeller Blades and Corresponding Disturbances on Nearby Solid Boundaries,” Proc. of the 11th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, ONR, London, pp. 717–729.
Ukon, Y., and Kurobe, Y., 1981, “Measurement of Cavity Thickness Distribution on Marine Propellers by Laser Scattering Technique,” Proc. of the 16th ITTC, vol. 2, Leningrad (USSR), pp. 241–245.
Ukon, Y., Kudo, T., and Kurobe, Y., 1991, “Measurement of Cavity Thickness Distribution on the Blade of Propeller Models by Laser-CCD Method,” Proc. of the 1st ASME-JSME Fluids Engineering Conference, vol. FED-116, Portland, Oregon (USA), pp. 99–104.
Kodama,  Y., Takei,  Y., and Kakugawa,  A., 1983, “Measurement of Cavity Thickness on a Full Scale Ship Using Lasers and a TV Camera,” Papers of Ship Research Institute,73, pp. 1–42.
Tanibayashi, H., Saito, Y., and Fujino, R., 1991, “Full-Scale Measurement of Cavity Over the Blades of Marine Propellers,” Proc. of Int. Cavitation and Multiphase Flow Forum, vol. FED-109, 1st ASME/JSME Fluids Engineering Conference, Portland, Oregon (USA), pp. 107–110.
Stinzing, H. D., 1990, “Cavity Thickness on Rotating Propeller Blades,” Proc. of the 18th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, ONR, Ann Arbor, Michigan, pp. 75–85.
Stella,  A., Guj,  G., Di Felice,  F., and Elefante,  M., 2000, “Experimental Investigation of Propeller Wake Evolution by Means of LDV and Flow Visualizations,” Journal of Ship Research,44(3), pp. 155–169.
Di Felice, F., Romano, G. P., and Elefante, M., 2000, “Propeller Wake Evolution by Means of PIV,” Proc. 23rd Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, ONR, Val de Reuil (France), pp. 62–76.
Kim, Y. G., and Lee, C. S., 1997, “Prediction of Unsteady Performance of Marine Propellers with Cavitation Using Surface-Panel Method,” Proc. of the 21st Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, Trondheim (Norway), pp. 913–929.
Mueller, A. C., and Kinnas, S. A., 1997, “Cavitation Predictions Using a Panel Method,” Proc. of the ASME Symposium on Marine Hydrodynamics and Ocean Engineering, Dallas (USA).
Morino,  L., Chen,  L. T., and Suciu,  E. O., 1975, “Steady and Oscillatory Subsonic and Supersonic Aerodynamics Around Complex Configurations,” AIAA J., 13, pp. 368–374.
Lee, J. T., 1987, A Potential Based Panel Method for the Analysis of Marine Propellers in Steady Flow, Tech. Rep. 87-13, Dept. Ocean Engineering, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA).
Kinnas, S. A., and Fine, N. E., 1992, “A Nonlinear Boundary Element Method for the Analysis of Propeller Sheet Cavitation,” Proc. of the 19th Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics, ONR, Seoul (Korea), pp. 1–17.
Pham, T. M., Larrarte, F., and Fruman, D. H., 1998, “Investigation of Unstable Cloud Cavitation,” Proc. of the 3rd Int. Symp. on Cavitation, vol. 1, pp. 215–220.
Wolberg, G., 1996, Digital Image Warping, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, CA (USA).
Salvatore, F., and Testa, C., 2002, Theoretical Modelling of Marine Propeller Cavitation in Unsteady High-Reynolds Number Flows, Tech. Rep. 2002-077, INSEAN, Rome (Italy).
Lemonnier,  H., and Rowe,  A., 1988, “Another Approach in Modelling Cavitating Flows,” J. Fluid Mech., 195, pp. 557–580.
Giordani, A., Salvatore, F., and Esposito, P., 1999, “Free Wake Analysis of a Marine Propeller in Uniform Flow,” Proc. of the XXI Int. Conference on Boundary Element Methods, Oxford (U.K.).
Arndt,  R. E. A., Arakeri,  V. H., and Higuchi,  H., 1991, “Some Observations of Tip-Vortex Cavitation,” J. Fluid Mech., 229, pp. 269–289.
Salvatore, F., and Esposito, P., 2001, “An Improved Boundary Element Analysis of Cavitating Three-Dimensional Hydrofoils,” Proc. of the 4th International Symposium on Cavitation, B1.006, Pasadena, CA (USA).


Grahic Jump Location
Image cross-correlation procedure: (a) template image; (b) cavitation pattern image; (c) local cross-correlation; (d) correlation image
Grahic Jump Location
Warping procedure: original (top) and warped (bottom) images
Grahic Jump Location
Computational grid used for flowfield analysis of the E779A propeller, and wake surface evaluated by the flow-alignment technique (MB=36,MB/NB=2,MW/NB=5,NHtot=252)
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of grid refinement on the non cavitating thrust coefficient KT at J =0.71
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of grid refinement on the cavity area fraction AC/A0 at J =0.71 , σn=1.515
Grahic Jump Location
Cavity volume histories using different initial guesses of the cavity extension (J =0.71 , σn=1.515)
Grahic Jump Location
E779A model propeller cavitation chart; pressure coefficient distributions on the blade suction and pressure sides and associated images, at two characteristic conditions: J =0.65 , σn=0.528;J =0.77 , σn=2.082
Grahic Jump Location
Planform view of the cavitating blade and predicted cavitation area at J =0.71 (top row), 0.77 (center) and 0.83 (bottom): free wake model (solid line), prescribed wake model (dashed line)
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of parameters J and σn on the cavity area Ac. Comparison between measurements and numerical results (free wake model).
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of cavitation number σn on the propeller thrust coefficient
Grahic Jump Location
Effect of cavitation number σn on the propeller torque coefficient



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In