Cheng,
K. C., Lin,
R., and Ou,
J. W., 1976, “Fully Developed Laminar Flow in Curved Rectangular Channels,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 98, pp. 41–48.

Ghia,
K. N., Ghia,
U., and Shih,
C. T., 1987, “Study of Fully Developed Incompressible Flow in Curved Ducts Using a Multigrid Technique,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 109, pp. 226–235.

Hwang,
G. J., and Chao,
C. H., 1991, “Forced Laminal Convection in a Curved Isothermal Duct,” ASME J. Heat Transfer, 113, pp. 48–56.

Hatzikonstantinou,
P. M., and Sakalis,
V. D., 2004, “A Numerical-Variational Procedure for a Laminar Flow in Curved Square Ducts,” Int. J. Numer. Methods Fluids, 45, pp. 1269–1289.

Sakalis, V. D., and Hatzikonstantinou, P. M., 2002, “Predictions and Accuracy of the CVP Numerical Method for the Developed Laminar Flow in Curved Ducts,” *Proceedings of the 4th GRACM Congress on Computational Mechanics*, University of Patras, Patras, Greece, Tsahalis, D., ed., IV , pp. 1400–1410.

Wang,
C. I., 1981, “On the Low Reynolds Number Flow in a Helical Pipe,” J. Fluid Mech., 108, pp. 185–194.

Germano,
M., 1982, “On the Effect of Torsion in a Helical Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 125, pp. 1–8.

Kao,
H. C., 1987, “Torsion Effect on Fully Developed Flow in a Helical Pipe,” J. Fluid Mech., 184, pp. 335–356.

Tuttle,
E. R., 1990, “Laminar Flow in Twisted Pipes,” J. Fluid Mech., 219, pp. 545–570.

Xie,
D. E., 1990, “Torsion Effect on Secondary Flow in a Helical Pipe,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 11, pp. 114–119.

Chen,
W. H., and Fan,
C. N., 1986, “Finite Element Analysis of Incompressible Viscous Flow in a Helical Pipe,” J. Computational Mech.,1, pp. 281–292.

Liu,
S., and Masliyah,
J. H., 1993, “Axially Invariant Laminar Flow in Helical Pipes With a Finite Pitch,” J. Fluid Mech., 251, pp. 315–353.

Germano,
M., 1989, “The Dean Equations Extended to a Helical Pipe Flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 203, pp. 289–305.

Bolinder, C. J., 1995, “Numerical Visualization of the Flow in a Helical Duct of Rectangular Cross Section,” ASME FED, presented at the *Third Symposium on Experimental and Numerical Flow Visualization*, New Orleans, USA, 172 , pp. 329–338.

Bolinder,
C. J., 1995, “The Effect of Torsion on the Bifurcation Structure of Laminar Flow in a Helical Square Duct,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 117, pp. 242–248.

Bolinder,
C. J., and Sunden,
B., 1996, “Numerical Prediction of Laminar Flow and Forced Convective Heat Transfer in a Helical Square Duct With a Finite Pitch,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 139(15), pp. 3101–3115.

Chen,
W. H., and Jan,
R., 1993, “The Torsion Effect on Fully Developed Flow in Helical Square Ducts,” J. Fluid Mech., 115, pp. 292–301.

Chen,
W. H., 1993, “The Torsion Effect on Fully Developed Laminar Flow in Helical Square Ducts,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 292–301.

Joseph,
B., Smith,
E. P., and Adler,
R. J., 1975, “Numerical Treatment of Laminar Flow in Helically Coiled Tubes of Square Cross Section,” AIChE J., 121(5), pp. 965–974.

Winters,
K. H., 1987, “A Bifurcation Study of Laminar Flow in a Curved Tube of Rectangular Cross Section,” J. Fluid Mech., 180, pp. 343–369.

Daskopoulos,
P., and Lenhoff,
A. M., 1976, “Flow in Curved Ducts, Bifurcation Structure for Stationary Ducts,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 98, pp. 41–48.

Hatzikonstantinou, P., 2002, “A Computational Procedure for the Incompressible Three-Dimensional Parabolic Flows,” *Proceedings of the 4th GRACM Congress on Computational Mechanics*, University of Patras, Patras, Greece, Tsahalis, D., ed., pp. 68–79.

Kays, W. M., and Crawford, E. M., 1993, *Convective Heat and Mass Transfer*, McGraw-Hill, New York.