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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Periodic Velocity Measurements in a Wide and Large Radius Ratio Automotive Torque Converter at the Pump∕Turbine Interface

[+] Author and Article Information
S. O. Kraus, R. Flack, A. Habsieger, G. T. Gillies

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering,  University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903-2442 rdf@virginia.edu

K. Dullenkopf

Institut für Thermische Strömungsmaschinen,  Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany 76131

J. Fluids Eng 127(2), 308-316 (Dec 09, 2004) (9 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1891150 History: Received September 11, 2003; Revised December 09, 2004

The unsteady flow field due to blade passing at the pump∕turbine interface of a torque converter was studied. The current geometry is wide and has a large outer to inner radius ratio. A laser velocimeter was used to measure the periodic velocity components at four operating conditions determined by the speed ratios between the turbine and pump of 0.065 (near stall), 0.600, 0.800, and 0.875 (coupling point). The flow fields at the pump exit and turbine inlet planes were visualized and are presented. Using instantaneous pump and turbine blade positions with the velocity data, animations (“slow-motion movies”) are generated to effectively visualize and understand the unsteady behavior. The turbine inlet flow was markedly periodic due to the exiting jet∕wake from the upstream pump passage; however, the pump exit flow field showed little dependence on the turbine blade positions. The highest unsteadiness was seen for the highest speed ratios. Four “shots” from the sequences of one cycle for all speed ratios and each plane are presented herein. The results are also compared to unsteady results for a previously examined torque converter with a small radius ratio to determine the effect of parametric geometric changes on the flow field. Generally, the unsteady velocity fields show no significant difference for the two geometries—the trends are the same.

Copyright © 2005 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Torque converter and laser velocimeter system

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Figure 2

Cross-sectional view of torque converter showing containment box, components, and dimensions

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Figure 3

Pump and turbine passage geometries

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Figure 4

Turbine inlet plane for one instantaneous pump position

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Figure 5

Pump exit plane, SR=0.065

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Figure 6

Pump exit plane, SR=0.600

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Figure 7

Pump exit plane, SR=0.800

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Figure 8

Pump exit plane, SR=0.875

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Figure 9

Turbine inlet plane, SR=0.065

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Figure 10

Turbine inlet plane, SR=0.600

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Figure 11

Turbine inlet plane from Whitehead (11), SR=0.600 (scales in m∕s)

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Figure 12

Turbine inlet plane, SR=0.800

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Figure 13

One typical variation of turbine inlet blade-to-blade profile

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Figure 14

Variation of turbine inlet blade-to-blade profile From Whitehead (11), SR=0.800

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Figure 15

Turbine inlet plane, SR=0.875

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Figure 16

Time-averaged turbine inlet plane velocities

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