Pope, S., 2000, "*Turbulent Flows*", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Townsend, A., 1954, “The Uniform Distortion of Homogeneous Turbulence,” Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math., 7 (1), pp. 104–127.

Keffer, J., 1965, “The Uniform Distortion of a Turbulent Wake,” J. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 22 , pp. 135–160.

Tucker, H., and Reynolds, A., 1968, “The Distortion of Turbulence by Irrotational Plane Strain,” J. Fluid Mech., 32 , pp. 657–673.

Lee, M., and Reynolds, W., 1985, "*Numerical Experiments on the Structure of Homogenous Turbulence*", Stanford University Report, TF-24

Liu, S., Katz, J., and Meneveau, C., 1999, “Evolution and Modeling of Subgrid Scales During Rapid Straining of Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 387 , pp. 281–320.

Germano, M., Piomeeli, U., , 1991, “A Dynamic Subgrid-Scale Eddy Viscosity Model,” Physica A, 3 , pp. 1760–1765.

Rogallo, R., and Moin, P., 1984, “Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flows,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 16 , p. 99.

Reynolds, W., 1990, “The Potential and Limitation of Direct and Large Eddy Simulations,” in "*Whither Turbulence? Or Turbulence at Crossroads*", edited by J.L.Lumley, Springer, New York.

Piomelli, U., Cabot, W. H., Moin, P., and Lee, S., 1991, “Subgrid-Scale Backscatter in Turbulent and Transitional Flows,” Phys. Fluids A

[CrossRef], 3 (7), pp. 1766–1771.

Liu, S., Meneveau, C., and Katz, J., 1994, “On the Properties of Similarity Subgrid-Scale Models as Deduced From Measurement in Turbulent Jet,” J. Fluid Mech., 275 , pp. 83–119.

Lesieur, M., and Metais, O., 1996, “New Trends in Large-Eddy Simulations of Turbulence,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 28 , pp. 45–82.

Smagorinsky, J., 1963, “General Circulation Experiments With the Primitive Equations, Part 1: The Basic Experiment,” Mon. Weather Rev., 91 , pp. 99–164.

Leonard, A., 1997, “Large-Eddy Simulation of Chaotic Convection and Beyound,” AIAA Pap. 97-0204.

Meneveau, C., and Katz, J., 2000, “Scale-Invariance and Turbulence Models for Large-Eddy Simulation,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 32 , pp. 1–32.

Borue, V., and Orszag, S. A., 1998, “Local Energy Flux and Subgrid-Scale Statistics in Three Dimensional Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 366 , pp. 1–31.

Piomelli, U., Moin, P., and Ferziger, J., 1988, “Model Consistency in Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Channel Flows,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 31 (7), pp. 1884–1891.

Meneveau, C., 1994, “Statistics of Turbulence Subgrid-Scale Stresses: Necessary Conditions and Experimental Tests,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 6 (2), pp. 815–833.

O’Neil, J., and Meneveau, C., 1997, “Subgrid-Scale Stresses and Their Modelling in a Turbulent Plane Wake,” J. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 349 , pp. 253–293.

Tao, B., Katz, J., and Meneveau, C., 2002, “Statistical Geometry of Subgrid-Scale Stresses Determined From Holographic Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements,” J. Fluid Mech., 467 , pp. 35–78.

Porte-Agel, F., Parlange, M. B., Meneveau, C., and Eichinger, W. E., 2001, “A Priori Field Study of the Subgrid-Scale Heat Fluxes and Dissipation in the Atmospheric Surface Layer,” J. Atmos. Sci., 58 , pp. 2673–2698.

Kleissl, J., Meneveau, C., and Parlange, M., 2003, “On the Magnitude and Variability of Subgrid-Scale Eddy-Diffusion Coefficients in the Atmospheric Surface Layer,” J. Atmos. Sci.

[CrossRef], 60 , pp. 2372–2388.

Lilly, D. K., 1967, “The Representation of Small-Scale Turbulence in Numerical Simulation Experiments,” in Proc. IBM Scientific Computing Symp. Environ. Sci. , p. 195.

Lilly, D. K., 1992, “A Proposed Modification of the Germano Subgrid-Scale Closure Method,” Phys. Fluids A

[CrossRef], 4 , pp. 633–635.

Meneveau, C., and Lund, T. S., 1997, “The Dynamic Model and Scale-Dependent Coefficient in the Viscous Range of Turbulence,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 9 , pp. 3932–3934.

Porte-Agel, F., Meneveau, C., and Parlange, M., 2000, “A Scale-Dependent Dynamic Model for Large-Eddy Simulation: Application to a Neutral Atmospheric Boundary Layer,” J. Fluid Mech.

[CrossRef], 415 , pp. 261–284.

Bou-Zeid, E., Meneveau, C., and Parlange, M., 2005, “A Scale-Dependent Lagrangian Dynamic Model for Large Eddy Simulation of Complex Turbulent Flow,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 17 , p. 025105.

Meneveau, C., Lund, T., and Cabot, W., 1996, “A Lagrangian Dynamic Subgrid-Scale Model of Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech., 319 , pp. 353–385.

Makita, H., 1991, “Realization of a Large-Scale Turbulence Field in a Small Wind Tunnel,” Fluid Dyn. Res.

[CrossRef], 8 , pp. 53–64.

Mydlarsky, L., and Warhaft, Z., 1996, “On the Onset of High-Reynolds-Number Grid-Generated Wind Tunnel Turbulence,” J. Fluid Mech., 320 , pp. 331–368.

Roth, G., Mascenik, D., and Katz, J., 1999, “Measurement of the Flow Structure and Turbulence Within a Ship Bow Wave,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 11 , pp. 3512–3523.

Roth, G., and Katz, J., 2001, “Five Techniques for Increasing the Speed and Accuracy of PIV Interrogation,” Meas. Sci. Technol.

[CrossRef], 12 , pp. 238–245.

Keane, R., and Adrian, R., 1990, “Optimization of Particle Image Velocimeters, Part I, Double Pulsed Systems,” Meas. Sci. Technol.

[CrossRef], 1 , pp. 1202–1215.

Huang, H., Dabiri, D., and Gharib, M., 1997, “On Errors of Digital Particle Image Velocimetry,” Meas. Sci. Technol.

[CrossRef], 8 , pp. 1427–1440.

Chen, J., Meneveau, C., and Katz, J., 2005, “Scale Interactions of Turbulence Subjected to a Straining-Relaxation-Destraining Cycle,” J. Fluid Mech., submitted.

Nimmo-Smith, W., Katz, J., and Osborn, T., 2005, “Flow Structure in the Bottom Boundary Layer of the Coastal Ocean,” J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35 (1), pp. 72–93.

Monin, A., and Yaglom, A., 1971, "*Statistical Fluid Mechanics*", MIT Press, Cambridge.

Li, Y., and Meneveau, C., 2004, “Analysis of Mean Momentum Flux in Subgrid Models of Turbulence,” Phys. Fluids

[CrossRef], 16 , pp. 3483–3486.

Wong, V. C., 1992, “A Proposed Statistical-Dynamic Closure Method for the Linear or Nonlinear Subgrid-Scale Stresses,” Phys. Fluids, pp. 1080–1082.