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SPECIAL SECTION ON THE FLUID MECHANICS AND RHEOLOGY OF NONLINEAR MATERIALS AT THE MACRO, MICRO AND NANO SCALE

Three Regimes of Non-Newtonian Rimming Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Sergei Fomin1

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, California State University, Chico, CA 95929

1

Tel. +1-530-898-5274; e-mail: sfomin@csuchico.edu

J. Fluids Eng 128(1), 107-112 (Jul 04, 2005) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2137342 History: Received June 17, 2004; Revised July 04, 2005

The present study is related to the rimming flow of non-Newtonian fluid on the inner surface of a horizontal rotating cylinder. Using a scale analysis, the main characteristic scales and nondimensional parameters, which describe the principal features of the process, are found. Exploiting the fact that one of the parameters is very small, an approximate asymptotic mathematical model of the process is developed and justified. For a wide range of fluids, a general constitutive law can be presented by a single function relating shear stress and shear rate that corresponds to a generalized Newtonian model. For this case, the run-off condition for rimming flow is derived. Provided the run-off condition is satisfied, the existence of a steady-state solution is proved. Within the bounds stipulated by this condition, film thickness admits a continuous solution, which corresponds to subcritical and critical flow regimes. It is proved that for the critical regime the solution has a corner on the rising wall of the cylinder. In the supercritical flow regime, a discontinuous solution is possible and a hydraulic jump may occur. It is shown that straightforward leading order steady-state theory can work well to study the shock location and height. For the particular case of a power-law model, the analytical solution of a steady-state equation for the fluid film thickness is found in explicit form. More complex rheological models, which show linear Newtonian behavior at low shear rates with transition to power law at moderate shear rates, are also considered. In particular, numerical computations were carried out for the Ellis model. For this model, some analytical asymptotic solutions have also been obtained in explicit form and compared with the results of numerical computations. Based on these solutions, the optimal values of parameters, which should be used in the Ellis equation for the correct simulation of the coating flows, are determined; the criteria that guarantee the steady-state continuous solutions are defined; and the size and location of the stationary hydraulic jumps, which form when the flow is in the supercritical state, are obtained for the different flow parameters.

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Copyright © 2006 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

A schematic sketch of rimming flow in the horizontal cylinder: (a) smooth solution in subcritical state, (b) critical regime, and (c) supercritical regime

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Figure 2

Thickness of the liquid film in subcritical flow regime (a) when q<qmax. Solution is obtained by Eq. 36 for n=13; solid lines correspond to Wi=5 and dashed lines to Wi=1.

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Figure 3

Thickness of the liquid film in critical flow regime (b) when q=qmax. Solution is obtained by Eq. 36 for n=13 and Wi=1.

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Figure 4

Solution of Eq. 36 for supercritical flow regime (c) when n=13, q=qmax, and H0>Hc; solid lines correspond to Wi=5 and dashed lines to Wi=1

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Figure 5

Variation of the critical mass flux in the Ellis liquid film with respect to Wi for different values of flow index n=0.8,0.5,0.3,0.1

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Figure 6

Thickness of the Ellis liquid film along the wall of the cylinder for Wi=1 and n=13; (1) q=qmax, (2) q=34qmax, and (3) q=12qmax

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