Li, W. H., and Walsh, J. P., 1964, “Pressure Generated by Cavitation in a Pipe,” J. Engrg. Mech. Div., 90 , pp. 113–133.

Safwat, H. H., 1972, “Transients in Cooling Water Systems of Thermal Power Plants,” D. Sci. dissertation, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands.

Arastu, A. H., Chiu, C., Griffith, P., Rooney, J. W., Sabin, J. W., Safwat, H. H., and Van Duyne, D. A., 1996, “Water Hammer Handbook for Nuclear Plant Engineers and Operators,” EPRI Report No. TR-106438, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA.

Barbero, G., and Ciaponi, C., 1991, “Experimental Validation of a Discrete Free Gas Model for Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Transients with Cavitation,” Proceedings of the Ninth Round Table of IAHR Group on Hydraulic Transients with Water Column Separation , Valencia, Sept. 4–6, pp. 51–67.

Baltzer, R. A., 1967, “Column Separation Accompanying Liquid Transients in Pipes,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 89 , pp. 837–846.

Simpson, A., and Wylie, E. B., 1987, “Column Separation Experiments with Large Pressure Pulses,” ASME Paper 87-PVP-18, Pressure Vessel and Piping Conference , San Diego, June 28–July 2.

Simpson, A. R., and Wylie, E. B., 1987, “Recent Advances in the Understanding and Numerical Modelling of Column Separation in Pipelines,” Conference on Hydraulics in Civil Engineering , Melbourne, October 12–14.

Martin, C. S., 1983, “Experimental Investigation of Column Separation with Rapid Closure of Downstream Valve,” Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Pressure Surges , BHRA, Bath, England, September.

Weyler, M. E., Streeter, V. L., and Larsen, P. S., 1971, “An Investigation of the Effect of Cavitation Bubbles on the Momentum Loss in Transient Pipe Flow,” ASME J. Basic Eng., 93 , pp. 1–10.

Bergant, A., and Simpson, A. R., 1999, “Pipeline Column Separation Flow Regimes,” J. Hydraul. Eng.

[CrossRef], 125 , pp. 835–848.

Streeter, V. L., and Wylie, E. B., 1967, "*Hydraulic Transients*", McGraw-Hill, New York.

Arastu, A. H., Safwat, H. H., and Husaini, S. M., 1992, “Water Hammer Prevention, Mitigation, and Accommodation,” Vol. 4 , Part 2, EPRI NP-6766, Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA.

Wylie, E. B., and Streeter, V. L., 1993, "*Fluid Transients in Systems*", Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Bergant, A., and Tijsseling, A., 2001, “Parameters Affecting Water Hammer Wave Attenuation, Shape and Timing,” Proceedings of the Tenth International Meeting of IAHR Group on The Behaviour of Hydraulic Machinery Under Steady Oscillatory Conditions ,” Trondheim, Norway, June 26–28.

Carlson, K. E., Riemke, R. A., Rouhani, S. Z., Shumway, R. W., and Weaver, W. L., 1995, “RELAP5∕MOD3 Code Manual Vol. I: Code Structure, Systems Models, and Solution Methods,” INEL-95∕0174, NUREG∕CR-5535, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Borkowski, J.A., and Wade, N.L., (eds.), 1992, “TRAC-BF1-MOD1: An Advanced Best-Estimate Computer Program for BWR Accident Analysis,” EGG-2626, NUREG∕CR-4356, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Bilicki, Z., Kardas, D., and Michaelides, E. E., 1998, “Relaxation Models for Wave Phenomena in Liquid-Vapor Bubble Flow in Channels,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 120 , pp. 369–377.

LeVeque, R. J., 2002, "*Finite Volume Methods for Hyperbolic Problems*", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Anderson, D. A., Tannehill, J. C., and Pletcher, R. H., 1984, "*Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer*", Hemisphere, New York, pp. 144–146.

Kranenburg, C., 1974, “Gas Release during Transient Cavitation in Pipes,” J. Hydr. Div., 100 , pp. 1383–1398.

Bergant, A., and Simpson, A. R., 1995, “Water Hammer and Column Separation Measurements in an Experimental Apparatus,” Research Report No. R128, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Adelaide.

Crandall, S. H., Dahl, N. C., and Lardner, T. J., 1972, "*An Introduction to the Mechanics of Solids*", 2nd ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 94.

Perry, R.H., and Chilton, C.H. (eds.), 1973, "*Chemical Engineers’ Handbook*", 5th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 23-48.

Lindeburg, M. R., 2001, "*Mechanical Engineering Reference Manual*", 11th ed., Professional Publications, Belmont, CA.

Bergant, A., Simpson, A. R., and Vítkovský, J., 2001, “Developments in Unsteady Pipe Flow Friction Modelling,” J. Hydraul. Res., 39 (3), pp. 249–257.

Brunone, B., Golia, U. M., and Greco, M., 1995, “Effects of Two-dimensionality on Pipe Transients Modeling,” J. Hydraul. Eng.

[CrossRef], 121 (12), pp. 906–912.

Vardy, A. E., and Brown, J. M. B., 2003, “Transient Turbulent Friction in Smooth Pipe Flows,” J. Sound Vib.

[CrossRef], 259 (5), pp. 1011–1036.

Lahey, R. T., and Moody, F. J., 1977, "*The Thermal Hydraulics of a Boiling Water Nuclear Reactor*", American Nuclear Society, La Grange Park, IL, p. 228.

Igra, O., Wu., X., Hu, G. Q., and Falcovitz, J., 2002, “Shock Wave Propagation Into a Dust-Gas Suspension Inside a Double-Bend Conduit,” ASME J. Fluids Eng.

[CrossRef], 124 , pp. 483–491.

Igra, O., Hu, G., Falcovitz, J., and Heilig, W., 2003, “Blast Wave Reflection from Wedges,” ASME J. Fluids Eng.

[CrossRef], 125 , pp. 510–519.

Strang, G., 1968, “On the Construction and Comparison of Difference Schemes,” SIAM (Soc. Ind. Appl. Math.) J. Numer. Anal.

[CrossRef], 5 (3), pp. 506–517.

Ben-Artzi, M., and Falcovitz, J., 2003, "*Generalized Riemann Problems in Computational Fluid Dynamics*", Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Toro, E. F., 1999, "*Riemann Solvers and Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics: A Practical Introduction*", 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, New York.

Thompson, P. A., 1988, "*Compressible-Fluid Dynamics*", Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, pp. 379–380.