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TECHNICAL PAPERS

An Experimental Study of Artificially-Generated Turbulent Spots Under Strong Favorable Pressure Gradients and Freestream Turbulence

[+] Author and Article Information
M. I. Yaras

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

J. Fluids Eng 129(5), 563-572 (Sep 13, 2006) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2717608 History: Received November 15, 2005; Revised September 13, 2006

This paper presents experimental results on the internal flow structure of turbulent spots, and examines the sensitivity of this structure to streamwise acceleration rate and freestream turbulence. Measurements were performed on a flat plate, with two levels of freestream acceleration rate and three levels of freestream turbulence. The turbulent spots were generated artificially at a fixed distance from the test-surface leading edge, and the development of the spot was documented through hotwire measurements at three streamwise locations. The measurements were performed at multiple spanwise locations to allow observation of the three-dimensional spatial structure of the turbulent spot and the temporal evolution of this structure. Analysis of the perturbation velocity and rms velocity fluctuations provides insight into the variations of the streaky streamwise-velocity structure within the turbulent spot, with a focus on the effects of freestream acceleration rate and turbulence level.

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Copyright © 2007 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 4

Streamwise variation of freestream turbulence intensity

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Figure 5

Distribution of perturbation velocity (y‐t plane) (a) η=4.5×10−6; (b) η=3.0×10−6, low Tu, x=600mm

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Figure 3

Streamwise variation of acceleration parameter

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Figure 2

Test section configuration

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Figure 1

Approximate shape of turbulent spots

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Figure 6

Distribution of perturbation velocity (y‐z plane) (a) η=4.5×10−6; (b) η=3.0×10−6, low Tu, x=600mm

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Figure 7

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (y‐t plane) (a) η=4.5×10−6; (b) η=3.0×10−6, low Tu, x=600mm

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Figure 8

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (y‐z plane) (a) η=4.5×10−6; (b) η=3.0×10−6, low Tu, x=600mm

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Figure 9

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (t‐z plane) (a) η=4.5×10−6; (b) η=3.0×10−6, low Tu, x=600mm

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Figure 10

Distribution of perturbation velocity (y‐t plane) (a) low Tu; (b) moderate Tu; (c) high Tu, η=4.5×10−6, x=600mm

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Figure 11

Distribution of perturbation velocity (y‐z plane) (a) low Tu; (b) moderate Tu; (c) high Tu, η=4.5×10−6, x=600mm

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Figure 12

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (y‐t plane) (a) low Tu; (b) moderate Tu; (c) high Tu, η=4.5×10−6, x=600mm

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Figure 13

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (y‐z plane) (a) low Tu; (b) moderate Tu; (c) high Tu, η=4.5×10−6, x=600mm

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Figure 14

Distribution of rms velocity fluctuation (t‐z plane) (a) low Tu; (b) moderate Tu; (c) high Tu, η=4.5×10−6, x=600mm

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