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RESEARCH PAPERS

Turbulent Flow in the Inlet Region of a Smooth Pipe

[+] Author and Article Information
A. R. Barbin

Auburn University, Auburn, Ala.

J. B. Jones

Purdue University, Lafayette, Ind.

J. Basic Eng 85(1), 29-33 (Mar 01, 1963) (5 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3656521 History: Received January 19, 1962; Online November 03, 2011

Abstract

This paper reports measurements of mean velocities, turbulence intensities, and turbulence (Reynolds) stresses in the inlet region of a smooth pipe. Data are presented for the first 40 diameters of pipe length. Fully developed flow is not attained in this length for a Reynolds number (based on pipe diameter and mean velocity) of 388,000, but the wall shear stress and the static pressure gradient attain their fully developed values within the first 15 diameters. Velocity profiles at successive sections in the inlet region are not similar as assumed in some published calculation methods. Longitudinal convection of turbulence energy is appreciable; except very near the pipe entrance, radial convection is negligible.

Copyright © 1963 by ASME
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