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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Numerical Investigation of Liquid-Liquid Coaxial Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
Bhadraiah Vempati, Alparslan Öztekin, Sudhakar Neti

Department of Mechanical Engineering & Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem PA 18015

Mahesh V. Panchagnula

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville TN 38505

J. Fluids Eng 129(6), 713-719 (Dec 08, 2006) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2734223 History: Received May 09, 2006; Revised December 08, 2006

This paper presents numerical results of the interfacial dynamics of axisymmetric liquid-liquid flows when the denser liquid is injected with a parabolic inlet velocity profile into a coflowing lighter fluid. The flow dynamics are studied as a function of the individual phase Reynolds numbers, viscosity ratio, velocity ratio, Bond number, and capillary number. Unsteady, axisymmetric flows of two immiscible fluids have been studied using commercial software, FLUENT® with the combination of volume of fluid (VOF) and continuous surface force (CSF) methods. The flows have been categorized as “flow-accelerated regime (FAR) and “flow-decelerated regime” (FDR) based on acceleration/deceleration of the injected fluid. The injected jet diameter decreases when the average inlet velocity ratio is less than unity. The outer fluid velocity has a significant effect on the shape and evolution of the jet as it progresses downstream. As the outer liquid flow rate is increased, the intact jet length is stretched to longer lengths while the jet radius is reduced due to interfacial stresses. The jet radius appears to increase with increasing viscosity ratio and ratio of Bond and capillary numbers. The results of numerical simulations using FLUENT agree well with experimental measurements and the far-field self-similar solution.

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Copyright © 2007 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 2

Steady-state dimensionless axial velocity profile for different values of γ at η=21, Re1=0.3, Re2=13, and Bo/Ca=91

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Figure 3

Steady-state dimensionless radial velocity profile for different values of γ at η=21, Re1=0.3, Re2=13, and Bo/Ca=91

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Figure 4

Comparison of interfacial profiles predicted by numerical simulations to experimental measurements (for cases: γ=0.42, Re1=0.3, Re2=13, η=21, Bo/Ca=91; and γ=1.77, Re1=1.8, Re2=18, Bo/Ca=66)

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Figure 5

Steady-state dimensionless interface profile for different values of γ for FAR case parameters (γ<1): η=21, Re2=13, Bo/Ca=91; and FDR case parameters (γ>1): η=21, Re2=18, Bo/Ca=66

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Figure 6

Fully developed dimensionless radius as a function of γ for FAR case parameters: η=21, Re2=13, Bo/Ca=91; and FDR case parameters: η=21, Re2=18, Bo/Ca=66

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Figure 7

Steady-state dimensionless interface profile for various values of η for FAR case parameters: γ=0.42, Re2=13, Bo/Ca=91; and FDR case parameters: γ=1.77, Re2=18, Bo/Ca=66

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Figure 8

Fully developed dimensionless radius as a function of η for FAR case parameters: γ=0.42, Re2=13, Bo/Ca=91; and FDR case parameters: γ=1.77, Re2=18, Bo/Ca=66

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 9

Steady-state dimensionless interface as a function of Bo/Ca for FAR case parameters: γ=0.42, Re1=0.3, Re2=13, η=21; and FDR case parameters: γ=1.77, Re1=1.8, Re2=18, η=21

Grahic Jump Location
Figure 10

Fully developed dimensionless radius as a function of Bo/Ca for FAR case parameters: γ=0.42, Re1=0.3, Re2=13, η=21; and FDR case parameters: γ=1.77, Re1=1.8, Re2=18, η=21

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