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RESEARCH PAPERS

On Real Fluid Flow Over Yawed Circular Cylinders

[+] Author and Article Information
W. S. Chiu

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

J. H. Lienhard

University of Kentucky, Lexington, Ky.

J. Basic Eng 89(4), 851-857 (Dec 01, 1967) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3609719 History: Received August 01, 1967; Online November 03, 2011

Abstract

The equations for both the boundary layer and the outer potential flow over a yawed cylinder can be resolved into equations for the crosswise and spanwise velocity components. These components of the boundary layer are evaluated using Sears’ method, and the separation point is found to be uninfluenced by the yaw angle. The potential-flow solutions for the spanwise and crosswise flows are added together to determine vortex patterns behind the cylinder. The approximate direct dependence of the Strouhal number upon the cosine of the yaw angle and/or the drag coefficient upon the square of the cosine, are verified. Experimental determinations of the Strouhal number and visualization of the flow pattern are consistent with the analysis.

Copyright © 1967 by ASME
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