Factors Influencing the Plane-Strain Crack Toughness Values of a Structural Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
A. K. Shoemaker

Applied Research Laboratory, United States Steel Corporation, Monroeville, Pa.

J. Basic Eng 91(3), 506-511 (Sep 01, 1969) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3571171 History: Received July 31, 1968; Online November 03, 2011


An investigation was conducted to determine the effects of the variables; temperature, strain rate, and precracking fatigue-stress level, on plane-strain crack toughness values of a rate and temperature-sensitive steel. The crack toughness behavior of a 3/4 -in-thick structural steel plate, which had a static room-temperature yield stress of 45,000 psi, was examined over the temperature range from −280 to 0 deg F for strain rates of 8 × 10−5 /sec, 3 × 103 /sec, and 1.5/sec. Crack toughness data, which were obtained from notched bend and single-edge-notched specimens, are presented for precracking conditions obtained at a maximum nominal fatigue stress of 25 percent and 50 percent of the room-temperature yield stress. The plane-strain crack toughness, KIc -values showed only a small sensitivity to changes in temperature and no effect due to changes in strain rate. The beginning of the transition from plane-strain to plane-stress conditions occurred at successive increases in temperature for increasing strain rate. The requirement of B > 2.5 × (KIc /σys )2 for plane-strain behavior of high-strength steels was also valid for this material when the yield stress was evaluated at the test temperature and strain rate. Increasing the fatigue-cracking stress level from 25 to 50 percent of the room-temperature nominal yield stress increased the apparent KIc -values. The data showed that a necessary condition for obtaining valid KIc -values is that the plastic-zone size which develops during fatigue cracking at room temperature must be less than that which occurs at the low temperatures and elevated strain rates of the KIc tests.

Copyright © 1969 by ASME
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