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RESEARCH PAPERS

Transition of Mixtures of Polymers in a Dilute Aqueous Solution

[+] Author and Article Information
W. D. White

Naval Undersea Research and Development Center, San Diego, Calif., Pasadena Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

D. M. McEligot

Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Ariz.

J. Basic Eng 92(3), 411-418 (Sep 01, 1970) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3425015 History: Received July 24, 1969; Online October 27, 2010

Abstract

Data are presented for the flow of deionized water solutions of linear, unbranched polymers—Separan AP-30, Polyox WSR-35 and Polyox WSR-301, and mixtures of the latter two in a 0.0235 in. tube. The Reynolds numbers vary from about 1200 to about 12,000. Measurements were made at 4 deg C and near room temperature. Occurrence of transition is confirmed by oscillograph traces and pressure ratio calculations in addition to the usual “break” on a friction factor-Reynolds number graph. From the calibration data, it appears that for small tubes there is a critical parameter, such as molecular weight or polymer length, below which transition occurs as for water, but above which the transition Reynolds number depends on polymer concentration. The low and high polymers were mixed to vary molecular weight distribution of samples. It was found that the higher molecular weight polymer dominates the transition process, but in the turbulent regime the effects are roughly additive.

Copyright © 1970 by ASME
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