Fundamental Issues and Canonical Flows

A Review of External Hydrodynamics With Experimental Data Assessment for Low-Speed Ocean Flows

[+] Author and Article Information
Max Blanco1

Fluid-Structure Interactions Group School of Engineering Sciences  University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdommblanco@exoco.net

Philip A. Wilson2

Fluid-Structure Interactions Group School of Engineering Sciences  University of Southampton Southampton, United Kingdomphilip.wilson@soton.ac.uk

A depiction of depth versus cumulative coverage can be seen in an article by Menard and Smith [22].

On Effect of Speed on Endurance.

The symbol π was employed by Buckingham because of its mathematical connotation as product.

Streeter and Wylie; in contrast, have the denominator of the Weber number as ρV2 L.

Carlton has no fractional multiplier.

Based on typical data in Table 1, i.e., five knots.

Oceanic possibilities include anthropogenic noise, animal vocalizations, or chirps and the like.

See Bailey and Hiatt [54].

See column 7 of Table 8.

As is stated on page 113 of Ref. [90].

As seen for example in Ref. [31].


Current address: CNRS at Institut Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Address all email correspondence here.


Address all postal correspondence to this author.

J. Fluids Eng 134(3), 031203 (Mar 23, 2012) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.4005821 History: Received October 13, 2010; Revised November 17, 2011; Published March 20, 2012; Online March 23, 2012

This article describes a literature review focused on published empirical measurements of external flows over bodies of revolution that can be employed for verification and validation of calculations of survey-class autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) or other like bodies. The flow regime for a survey-class AUV is defined, and a mathematically optimal velocity results for these energy-limited vehicles. A range-maximal hotel load is one of the inferences. Cavitation is shown not to affect this type of AUV. Environmental and computational problems of turbulence are discussed. A table of vital statistics of contemporary survey-class AUVs is provided.

Copyright © 2012 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figure 1

Energy-limited Pareto fronts for an AUV employed in an oceanographic survey mission

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Figure 2

Parameter study of resistance on idealized Pareto front

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Figure 3

Parameter study of hotel costs on Pareto front

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Figure 4

Saturation vapor pressure of water as function of temperature, after Magnus and Tetens [41]

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Figure 5

Cavitation velocity as a function of depth




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