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Research Papers: Fundamental Issues and Canonical Flows

Buoyancy Dominated HeO2 Separated Jet Mixing in a Tubular Reactor

[+] Author and Article Information
Ankur Deep Bordoloi, P. K. Panigrahi

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur UP-208016, India

J. Fluids Eng 130(9), 091203 (Aug 12, 2008) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2953299 History: Received September 25, 2007; Revised May 02, 2008; Published August 12, 2008

Mixing of two variable-density jets, one of which is essentially a negatively buoyant jet (He) and the other a nonbuoyant jet (O2) is studied experimentally using digital particle image velocimetry technique for separated nozzle geometry. Two jets are separated from each other, i.e., He jet exit plane is located upstream of the O2 jet exit plane. Experiments were carried out keeping the nonbuoyant O2 jet at constant Reynolds number (Re2=245) and varying the Richardson number (Ri1=1.8,4.7,16.4) of the buoyant He jet. The interaction between two jets as a function of buoyancy strength of helium jet is investigated. The flow visualization images clearly demonstrate the growth and shape of buoyant jet as a function of Richardson number. Mean velocity and vorticity field results provide quantitative picture about the mixing and interaction between the two jets. The stream trace results show the flow structures, i.e., recirculation zone and foci of vortex structures as a function of Richardson number. The mixing between two jets takes place at far downstream region for low Richardson number (Ri1=1.8). At high Richardson number (Ri1=16.4), the buoyant He jet is located near its exit plane without any direct interaction with the O2 jet. At the intermediate Richardson number (Ri1=4.7), the buoyant jet encroaches the nonbuoyant O2 jet at a favorable penetration distance and a good amount of mixing between the two jets take place. The jet growth results based on the y0.5-location development in the streamwise direction clearly demonstrate the interaction between the He and O2 jets in the interjet region. The entrainment coefficient, vorticity magnitude, and turbulent kinetic energy magnitude are maximum at the intermediate Richardson number (Ri1=4.7) demonstrating direct relationship among each other. The mixing between buoyant He jet and nonbuoyant O2 jet is a function of both shear between the two jets and the strength of buoyant plume.

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Copyright © 2008 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

(a) Schematic of the experimental setup and (b) the separated nozzle used in the present study

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Figure 2

Instantaneous visualization images at different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4

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Figure 3

The time-averaged u-velocity contour normalized by the maximum axial velocity (umax) and the corresponding radial velocity profiles at selected streamwise locations (x∕d2) at different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4

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Figure 4

The time-averaged v-velocity contour normalized by the maximum axial velocity (umax) and the corresponding radial velocity profiles at selected streamwise locations (x∕d2) at different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4

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Figure 5

The time-averaged stream traces superimposed on the nondimensional magnitude of absolute velocity at different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4. The symbol F indicates the core of the focilike structures.

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Figure 6

The time-averaged normalized vorticity (ωn) contour and the corresponding radial vorticity profiles at selected streamwise locations (x∕d2) at different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4

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Figure 7

The normalized instantaneous vorticity contours (top) and corresponding instantaneous velocity vector map (bottom) at two selected time instants for different Richardson numbers: (a) Ri1=1.8, (b) Ri1=4.7, and (c) Ri1=16.4

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Figure 8

Radial profiles of turbulence kinetic energy ek=1∕2((⟨u′u′⟩+⟨v′v′⟩)∕U2) for Ri1=1.8, 4.7, and 16.4, at streamwise locations (a) x∕d2=5.2, (b) x∕d2=8.4, and (c) x∕d2=14.0

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Figure 9

The axial variation of half jet width of O2 jet for Ri1=1.8, 4.7, and 16.4 at the left hand side, i.e., adjacent to the He jet, and the opposite right hand side

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Figure 10

The entrainment coefficient (α) along the streamwise direction of the O2 jet for Ri1=1.8, 4.7, and 16.4

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