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Research Papers: Multiphase Flows

Tip Vortex Cavitation Inception Scaling for High Reynolds Number Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Young T. Shen

Carderock Division, Naval Warfare Center, Code 5800, West Bethesda, MD 20817young.shen@navy.mil

Scott Gowing

Carderock Division, Naval Warfare Center, Code 5800, West Bethesda, MD 20817scott.gowing@navy.mil

Stuart Jessup

Carderock Division, Naval Warfare Center, Code 5030, West Bethesda, MD 20817stuart.jessup@navy.mil

J. Fluids Eng 131(7), 071301 (Jun 01, 2009) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3130245 History: Received May 12, 2008; Revised February 04, 2009; Published June 01, 2009

Tip vortices generated by marine lifting surfaces such as propeller blades, ship rudders, hydrofoil wings, and antiroll fins can lead to cavitation. Prediction of the onset of this cavitation depends on model tests at Reynolds numbers much lower than those for the corresponding full-scale flows. The effect of Reynolds number variations on the scaling of tip vortex cavitation inception is investigated using a theoretical flow similarity approach. The ratio of the circulations in the full-scale and model-scale trailing vortices is obtained by assuming that the spanwise distributions of the section lift coefficients are the same between the model-scale and the full-scale. The vortex pressure distributions and core sizes are derived using the Rankine vortex model and McCormick’s assumption about the dependence of the vortex core size on the boundary layer thickness at the tip region. Using a logarithmic law to describe the velocity profile in the boundary layer over a large range of Reynolds number, the boundary layer thickness becomes dependent on the Reynolds number to a varying power. In deriving the scaling of the cavitation inception index as the ratio of Reynolds numbers to an exponent m, the values of m are not constant and are dependent on the values of the model- and full-scale Reynolds numbers themselves. This contrasts traditional scaling for which m is treated as a fixed value that is independent of Reynolds numbers. At very high Reynolds numbers, the present theory predicts the value of m to approach zero, consistent with the trend of these flows to become inviscid. Comparison of the present theory with available experimental data shows promising results, especially with recent results from high Reynolds number tests. Numerical examples of the values of m are given for different model- to full-scale sizes and Reynolds numbers.

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Copyright © 2009 by American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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Figures

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Figure 1

Sketch of lifting surface

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Figure 2

Variation of m with Reynolds number

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Figure 3

Experimental values of m

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Figure 4

Values of m for λ=15

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