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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Comprehensive Approach to Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations—Part 1: Methodology and Procedures

[+] Author and Article Information
Fred Stern, Robert V. Wilson

Iowa Institute Hydraulic Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

Hugh W. Coleman

Propulsion Research Center, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899

Eric G. Paterson

Iowa Institute Hydraulic Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

J. Fluids Eng 123(4), 793-802 (Jul 10, 2001) (10 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1412235 History: Received November 04, 1999; Revised July 10, 2001
Copyright © 2001 by ASME
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References

Freitas,  C. J., 1993, “Editorial Policy Statement on the Control of Numerical Accuracy,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 115, pp. 339–340.
AIAA, 1998, Guide for the Verification and Validation of Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations, G-077-1998.
Roache, P. J., 1998, Verification and Validation in Computational Science and Engineering, Hermosa Publishers, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Mehta,  U. B., 1998, “Credible Computational Fluids Dynamics Simulations,” AIAA J., 36, pp. 665–667.
Stern,  F., Paterson,  E. G., and Tahara,  Y., 1996, “CFDSHIP-IOWA: Computational Fluid Dynamics Method for Surface-Ship Boundary Layers and Wakes and Wave Fields,” Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research, The University of Iowa, IIHR Report No. 381.
Coleman,  H. W., and Stern,  F., 1997, “Uncertainties in CFD Code Validation,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 119, pp. 795–803. (Also see “Authors’ Closure,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., Vol. 120, Sept. 1998, pp. 635–636.)
Coleman, H. W., and Steele, W. G., 1999, Experimentation and Uncertainty Analysis for Engineers, 2nd Edition, Wiley, New York, NY.
Rood, E. P., 1996, “Validation Strategy for RANS Computational Ship Hydrodynamics,” 2nd International Conference on Hydrodynamics, Hong Kong.
ITTC, 1996, 21st ITTC Proceedings, “Report of the Resistance Committee,” Bergen/Trondheim, Norway, September.
ITTC, 1999, 22nd ITTC Proceedings, “Report of the Resistance Committee,” Seoul, Korea/Shanghai, China, Sept.
Larsson, L., Stern, F., Bertram, V., 2000, “Gothenburg 2000 A Workshop on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics,” Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden, Sept.
Wilson,  R. V., Stern,  F., Coleman,  H., and Paterson,  E., 2001, “Comprehensive Approach to Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations—Part 2: Applications for RANS Simulation of A Cargo Container Ship,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 123, published in the issue, pp. 803–810.
Stern, F., Wilson, R. V., Coleman, H., and Paterson, E., 1999, “Verification and Validation of CFD Simulations,” Iowa Institute of Hydraulic Research, The University of Iowa, IIHR Report No. 407.
Oberkampf, W. L. and Trucano, T. G., 2000, “Validation Methodology in Computational Fluid Dynamics,” AIAA Fluids 2000, Paper No. 2549, Denver, CO.
Coleman,  H. W., Stern,  F., Mascio,  A. Di, and Campana,  E., 2001, “The Problem with Oscillatory Behavior in Grid Convergence Studies,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 123, No. 2, pp. 438–439.
Hoekstra, M., Eca, L., Windt, J., and Raven, H., 2000 “Viscous Flow Calculations for KVLCC2 AND KCS Models Using the PARNASSOS Code,” Proceedings Gothenburg 2000 A Workshop on Numerical Ship Hydrodynamics, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Ferziger, J. H., and Peric, M., 1996, Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics, Springer-Verlag, New York.
Eca, L., and Hoekstra, M., 2000, “On the Application of Verification Procedures in Computational Fluid Dynamics,” 2nd MARNET Workshop.
Ebert,  M. P., and Gorski,  J. J., 2001, “A Verification and Validation Procedure for Computational Fluid Dynamics Solutions,” NSWCCD-50-TR-2001/0006, Hydromechanics Directorate Report, NSWC, Carderock Division, West Bethesda MD 20817-5700.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Definition of comparison error.
Grahic Jump Location
Verification results for first-order numerical solution of 1D wave equation. (a) Comparison of true error A−S to estimates from RE, (b) correction factor, and (c) comparison of |A−SC| and USCN, and (d) comparison of |A−S| and USN.

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