0
Research Papers: Flows in Complex Systems

Analysis and Simulation of an Oil Lubrication Pump for Internal Combustion Engines

[+] Author and Article Information
Emma Frosina

Department of Industrial Engineering,
University of Naples Federico II,
Via Claudio 21,
Naples 80125, Italy
e-mail: emma.frosina@unina.it

Adolfo Senatore

Department of Industrial Engineering,
University of Naples Federico II,
Via Claudio 21,
Naples 80125, Italy
e-mail: adolfo.senatore@unina.it

Dario Buono

Department of Industrial Engineering,
University of Naples Federico II,
Via Claudio 21,
Naples 80125, Italy
e-mail: darbuono@unina.it

Luca Santato

Lombardini s.r.l. Kohler Group,
Via Cav. del Lav. A. Lombardini, 2,
Reggio Emilia 42124, Italy
e-mail: lsantato@lombardini.it

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received February 17, 2014; final manuscript received December 18, 2014; published online February 2, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Edward M. Bennett.

J. Fluids Eng 137(5), 051102 (May 01, 2015) (12 pages) Paper No: FE-14-1080; doi: 10.1115/1.4029442 History: Received February 17, 2014; Revised December 18, 2014; Online February 02, 2015

This paper presents a simulation model of an oil-lubrication gerotor pump for internal combustion engines. The model was constructed by using a monodimensional commercial code that accounted for all phenomena that occur during the revolution of the pump shaft. Several geometric considerations and theoretical observations are presented. An experiment was also performed to validate the simulation model. In these experimental tests, particular attention was paid to the behavior of the pressure oscillations during the pump shaft revolutions. The final aim of this activity is to obtain an instrument that allows the in-depth analysis of the functioning of the pump and lubrication circuit. Additionally, this instrument can be coupled with other models (e.g., variable valve actuation (VVA) and variable valve timing (VVT)) to account for different problems experienced by the hydraulic components of engines.

Copyright © 2015 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Heywood, J. B., 1998, Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Kim, S., and Murrenhoff, H., 2012, “Measurement of Effective Bulk Modulus for Hydraulic Oil at Low Pressure,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 134(2), p. 021201. [CrossRef]
Brusiani, F., Bianchi, G., Costa, M., and Squarcini, R., 2009, “Analysis of Air/Cavitation Interaction Inside a Rotary Vane Pump for Application on Heavy Duty Engine,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2009-01-1943.
Mucchi, E., Cremonini, G., Delvecchio, S., and Dalpiaz, G., 2013, “On the Pressure Ripple Measurement in Variable Displacement Vane Pumps,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 135(9), p. 091103. [CrossRef]
Lasecki, M, and Cousineau, J., 2003, “Controllable Electric Oil Pumps in Heavy Duty Diesel Engines,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2003-01-3421.
Jiang, Y., Furmanczyk, M., Lowry, S., and Zhang, D., 2008, “A Three-Dimensional Design Tool for Crescent Oil Pumps,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2008-01-0003.
Karmel, A. M., 1986, “A Study of the Internal Forces in a Variable Displacement Vane Pump Part I: A Theoretical Analysis,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 108(2), pp. 227–232. [CrossRef]
Karmel, A. M., 1986, “A Study of the Internal Forces in a Variable Displacement Vane Pump Part II: A Parametric Study,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 108(2), pp. 233–237. [CrossRef]
Staley, D., Pryor, B., and Gilgenbach, K., 2007, “Adaptation of a Variable Displacement Vane Pump to Engine Lube Oil Applications,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2007-01-1567.
Mancò, S., Nervegna, N., Rundo, M., and Armenio, G., 2004, “Modeling and Simulation of Variable Displacement Vane Pumps for IC Engine Lubrication,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2004-01-1601.
Senatore, A., Buono, D., Frosina, E., De Vizio, A., Gaudino, P., and Iorio, A., 2014, “A Simulated Analysis of the Lubrication Circuit of an In-Line Twin Automotive Engine,” SAE Technical Paper No. 2014-01-1081.
Catania, A. E., and Ferrari, A., 2011, “Experimental Analysis, Modeling, and Control of Volumetric Radial-Piston Pumps,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 133(8), p. 081103. [CrossRef]
Dupla, S., Degosha, O. C., Dazin, A., Roussette, O., Bois, G., and Caignaert, G., 2012, “Experimental Study of a Cavitating Centrifugal Pump During Fast Startups,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 132(2), p. 021301. [CrossRef]
Senatore, A., Buono, D., Frosina, E., and Santato, L., 2013, “Analysis and Simulation of an Oil Lubrication Pump for the Internal Combustion Engine,” ASME 2013 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, San Diego, CA, Vol. 7B, ASME Paper No. IMECE2013-63468. [CrossRef]
AMESim Hydraulic and Thermal Hydraulic User Manual.
Blanchard, D., Ligrani, P., and Gale, B., 2005, “Performance and Development of a Miniature Rotary Shaft Pump,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 127(4), pp. 752–760. [CrossRef]
Mohammadi, A., and Floryan, J. M., 2015, “Numerical Analysis of Laminar-Drag-Reducing Grooves,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 137(4), p. 041201. [CrossRef]
Schneider, A., Conrad, D., and Böhle, M., 2015, “Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of the Flow Field in Pump Intakes—A New Approach,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 137(3), p. 031105. [CrossRef]
Howells, R., and Lakshminarayana, B., 1977, “Three-Dimensional Potential Flow and Effects of Blade Dihedral in Axial Flow Propeller Pumps,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 99(1), pp. 167–175. [CrossRef]
Fu, Y., Yuan, J., Pace, G., d’Agostino, L., Huang, P., and Li, X., 2014, “Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Flow Phenomena in a Centrifugal Pump Operating Under Low Flow Rates,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 137(1), p. 011102. [CrossRef]
Ghazanfarian, J., and Ghanbari, D., “Computational Fluid Dynamics Investigation of Turbulent Flow Inside a Rotary Double External Gear Pump,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 137(2), p. 021101. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

2500 cm3 diesel engine for stationary use

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

3D drawing of lubrication circuit

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Pump areas during a shaft revolution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Area variation law versus pump shaft revolution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Inlet and outlet area laws

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Cylinder-piston model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Resistive component

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Hydraulic resistance library submodel

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Complete pump model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

P–Q curve at 80 °C

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 15

Pump test bench layout

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 16

(a) and (b) Experimental oil pressure behavior

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 17

Model validation at 2000 rpm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 18

Model validation at 3000 rpm

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 19

Lubrication circuit model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 20

Pump model and lubrication circuit model

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 21

Entire model validation: main gallery

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 22

Entire model validation: cam-shaft gallery

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 23

Oil temperature behavior

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 24

Oil consumption distribution

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 25

Crankshaft bearing oil consumption

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 26

Pump displacement reduction

Tables

Errata

Discussions

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In