Large eddy simulation (LES) approach was used to investigate jumps of primary frequency of shear layer flow over a cavity. Comparisons between computational results and experimental data show that LES is an appropriate approach to accurately capturing the critical values of velocity and cavity length of a frequency jump, as well as characteristics of the separated shear layer. The drive force of the self-sustained oscillation of impinging shear layer is fluid injection and reinjection. Flow patterns in the shear layer and cavity before and after the frequency jump demonstrate that the frequency jump is associated with vortex–corner interaction. Before frequency jump, a mature vortex structure is observed in shear layer. The vortex is clipped by impinging corner at approximately half of its size, which induces strong vortex–corner interaction. After frequency jump, successive vortices almost escape from impinging corner without the generation of a mature vortex, thereby indicating weaker vortex–corner interaction. Two wave peaks are observed in the shear layer after the frequency jump because of: (1) vortex–corner interaction and (2) centrifugal instability in cavity. Pressure fluctuations inside the cavity are well regulated with respect to time. Peak values of correlation coefficients close to zero time lags indicate the existence of standing waves inside the cavity. Transitions from a linear to a nonlinear process occurs at the same position (i.e., x/H = 0.7) for both velocity and cavity length variations. Slopes of linear region are solely the function of cavity length, thereby showing increased steepness with increased cavity length.