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Research Papers: Flows in Complex Systems

Experimental Investigation of Drag Reducing Fluid Flow in Annular Geometry Using Particle Image Velocimetry Technique

[+] Author and Article Information
Fabio E. Rodriguez Corredor

University of Alberta,
School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering,
Edmonton, T6G 2W2 AB, Canada
e-mail: fabioern@ualberta.ca

Majid Bizhani

University of Alberta,
School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering,
Edmonton, T6G 2W2 AB, Canada
e-mail: Bizhani@ualberta.ca

Ergun Kuru

University of Alberta,
School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering,
Edmonton, T6G 2W2 AB, Canada
e-mail: ekuru@ualberta.ca

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received December 3, 2013; final manuscript received March 30, 2015; published online April 29, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Peter Vorobieff.

J. Fluids Eng 137(8), 081103 (Aug 01, 2015) (16 pages) Paper No: FE-13-1700; doi: 10.1115/1.4030287 History: Received December 03, 2013; Revised March 30, 2015; Online April 29, 2015

Fully developed turbulent flow of drag reducing fluids through a horizontal flow loop with concentric annular geometry was investigated using the particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. Experiments were conducted at solvent Reynolds numbers ranged from 38,700 to 56,400. Axial mean velocity profile was found to be following the universal wall law close to the wall (i.e., y+ < 10), but it deviated from log law results with an increased slope in the logarithmic zone (i.e., y+ > 30). The study was also focused on turbulence statistics such as near wall Reynolds stress distribution, axial and radial velocity fluctuations, vorticity and turbulent kinetic energy budget.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

Schematic of the flow loop facility

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Fig. 2

Cross and meridional section of the duct

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Fig. 3

Test section with PIV setup in place [20]

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Fig. 4

Drag reduction versus polymer concentration at different Reynolds number

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Fig. 5

Friction factor obtained for water and polymer solution at optimal concentration (0.1%V/V)

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Fig. 6

Effect of the polymer concentration on the axial mean velocity profile—inner wall (Res = 56,400)

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Fig. 7

Effect of varying the solvent Reynolds number on the velocity profile (inner wall data—polymer concentration; 0.07%V/V)

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Fig. 8

Comparison of the velocity profile near the inner and outer pipe walls (Res: 56,400)

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Fig. 9

Reynolds stress distribution (Re = 56,400)

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Fig. 10

Effect of polymer concentration on the Reynolds stress distribution near the inner pipe wall

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Fig. 11

Axial mean velocity profile (Res = 56,400)

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Fig. 12

Comparison of the radial positions of the maximum velocity at different Reynolds number and polymer concentrations

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Fig. 13

Axial turbulent intensities in wall coordinates (RMS[u+] = RMS[u′]/ut)

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Fig. 14

Radial turbulent intensities in wall coordinates (RMS[v+] = RMS[v′]/ut)

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Fig. 15

Example of the local fluctuating velocity field obtained for water flow

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Fig. 16

Example of the local fluctuating velocity field obtained for polymer fluid flow

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Fig. 17

Reynolds stress results for water and polymer solution

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Fig. 18

Normalized shear production of turbulent kinetic energy for flow of water and polymer solution (Pk+=Pk*ϑ/ut4)

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Fig. 19

Normalized viscous dissipation of turbulent kinetic energy for flow of water and polymer solution (VD+=VD×ϑ/ut4)

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Fig. 20

Results of the 2D vorticity for water and polymer solution

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Fig. 21

Results of the RMS of vorticity for water and polymer solution

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Fig. 22

Velocity profile and 95% interval of confidence

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Fig. 23

Velocity gradient and 95% interval of confidence

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Fig. 24

(−u′v′) profile and 95% interval of confidence

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Fig. 25

RMS of fluctuation velocity in x (u) direction profile and 95% interval of confidence

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Fig. 26

RMS of fluctuation velocity in y (v) direction profile and 95% interval of confidence

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Fig. 27

Dimensionless Reynolds stress close to the outer wall after processing different quantity of pictures

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Fig. 28

Dimensionless production term close to the outer wall after processing different quantity of pictures

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Fig. 29

Dimensionless dissipation term close to the outer wall after processing different quantity of pictures

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Fig. 30

Effect of PIV interrogation window size on the velocity profile

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Fig. 31

Effect of PIV interrogation window size on the −u′v′ distribution

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