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Review Article

History of the Fluids Engineering Division

[+] Author and Article Information
Paul Cooper

Life Fellow ASME
415 Pennington Titusville Road,
Titusville, NJ 08560-2012
e-mail: paul.cooper@verizon.net

C. Samuel Martin

Professor Emeritus
Life Fellow ASME
School of Civil Engineering,
Georgia Institute of Technology,
59 Barque Circle,
South Dennis, MA 02660
e-mail: csammartin@comcast.net

Timothy J. O'Hern

Fellow ASME
Engineering Sciences Center,
Sandia National Laboratories,
Albuquerque, NM 87185-0840
e-mail: tjohern@sandia.gov

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received March 6, 2016; final manuscript received May 4, 2016; published online August 3, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Jinkook Lee.

J. Fluids Eng 138(10), 100801 (Aug 03, 2016) (20 pages) Paper No: FE-16-1140; doi: 10.1115/1.4033976 History: Received March 06, 2016; Revised May 04, 2016

The 90th Anniversary of the Fluids Engineering Division (FED) of ASME will be celebrated on July 10–14, 2016 in Washington, DC. The venue is ASME's Summer Heat Transfer Conference (SHTC), Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting (FEDSM), and International Conference on Nanochannels and Microchannels (ICNMM). The occasion is an opportune time to celebrate and reflect on the origin of FED and its predecessor—the Hydraulic Division (HYD), which existed from 1926–1963. Therefore, the FED Executive Committee decided that it would be appropriate to publish concurrently a history of the HYD/FED. Accordingly, they commissioned Paul Cooper, C. Samuel Martin, and Timothy O'Hern to prepare this paper, which would document the division's past. A brief work in this direction had appeared in the 2010 FED Newsletter (Morgan, W. B., 2010, Brief History of ASME's Hydraulic/Fluids Engineering Division, Fluids Engineering Division Newsletter, New York, pp. 6–7), and the research by Martin for the present paper had been under way for several years prior to that (Cooper, P., 2010, “History of the FED,” FED Executive Committee at the ASME-CSME Fluids Engineering Summer Conference (FEDSM-2010), Montréal, QC, Canada, Aug., p. 14).

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References

ASME, 1941, Sixty Year Index of Technical Papers, 1880–1939, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
ASME, 1957, Seventy-Seven Year Index of Technical Papers, 1880–1956, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York.
Moody, L. F. , and Van Leer, B. , 1930, 50 Years of Progress in Hydraulics, Mechanical Engineering, New York, pp. 366–400.
ASME, 1926, Wasserbaulaboratorien Europas, G. D. De Thierry , and C. Matschoss , eds., VDI-Verlag GmbH, Berlin.
ASME, 1929, Hydraulic Laboratory Practice (Die Wasserbaulaboratorien Europas, 1926), John R. Freeman , ed., VDI-Verlag GmbH, Berlin.
Thurston, R. , 1883, “ Note Relating to Water Hammer in Steam Lines,” ASME Trans., 4, pp. 404–409.
Rouse, H. , 1976, Hydraulics in the United States 1776–1976, Institute of Hydraulic Research, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.
Kline, S. J. , and Dean, R. C. , 1958, Unresolved Problems of Fluid Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering, New York, pp. 54–55.
Bajura, R. A. , 1991, “ Report of the Executive Committee on the Reorganization of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 113(4), pp. 523–525. [CrossRef]
ASME Society Records, 1927–1978, Professional Divisions (and Groups, later variously called Technical Groups, Technical Divisions) including the Technical Committees of these divisions and chairs and other members of these Committees (called “Subcommittees” From 1957 to 1963, “Committees” From 1964 into 1971, and “Technical Committees” after 1971).
Wiggert, D. , 2006, “ Waterhammer/Fluid Transients/Fluid Applications and Systems Technical Committee,” private communication to C. S. Martin.
Stanbury, R. , Tuzson, J. , Ferman, R. , Cooper, P. , Hanson, L. , and Sloteman, D. P. , 2006, “ Announcement of papers presented at Dr. S. Gopalakrishnan Memorial Session,” FEDSM-2006, Miami, FL, July 16–20. https://community.asme.org/fluids_engineering_division/w/wiki/12607.fed-90th-anniversaryin-2016.aspx
Cooper, P. , 2006, “ Pump Technology Interchange,” Dr. S. Gopalakrishnan Memorial Session of the 2006 ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting (FEDSM-2006), Miami, FL, July 16–20. https://community.asme.org/fluids_engineering_division/w/wiki/12607.fed-90th-anniversaryin-2016.aspx
Morgan, W. B. , 2005, “ Cavitation/Polyphase Flow/Multiphase Flow Committee,” private communication to C. S. Martin.
Morgan, W. B. , 2012, “ History of the Multiphase Flow Technical Committee 1937–2012,” private communication to C. S. Martin.
Bajura, R. A. , and Steelman, T. , 1986, “ Symposium, Forum & General Programs of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division, 1962–1968,” Energy and Water Research Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.
Martin, C. S. , and Cooper, P. , 2016, “Symposia Sponsored by Hydraulic/Fluids Engineering Division,” Feb. 7. https://community.asme.org/fluids_engineering_division/w/wiki/12607.fed-90th-anniversaryin-2016.aspx
Schiavello, B. , and Cooper, P. , 2015, “ A Quarter Century of the International Pumping Machinery Symposium,” 2015 ASME-JSME-KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference (AJK-2015), Seoul, Korea, July 26–31. https://community.asme.org/fluids_engineering_division/w/wiki/12607.fed-90th-anniversaryin-2016.aspx
Hoyt, J. , and Furuya, O. , 1985, Twenty Years of the Cavitation and Multiphase Flow Forum, Vol. 23, ASME-FED, New York, p. iv.
White, F. M. , 2012, “ A Brief History of the ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 134(2), p. 020301. http://fluidsengineering.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?articleid=1440029
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Figures

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Fig. 1

Lewis F. Moody, hydraulics pioneer: Water Hammer Committee 1935–1953 and chair of the Cavitation Committee 1938–1948

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Fig. 2

Norman R. Gibson, impulse–momentum method: Water Hammer Committee 1935–1953

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Fig. 3

Charles M. Allen, salt-velocity method

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Fig. 4

John R. Freeman, Honorary Member and 24th President of ASME, recipient of the ASME Gold Medal, and founder of the ASME Freeman Fund

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Fig. 5

Theodore von Kàrmàn

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Fig. 6

Robert T. Knapp, chair (1948–1957) of the Cavitation Committee (now the MFTC)

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Fig. 7

Robert C. Dean, Jr., Fluid Mechanics Committee chair, 1957–1958; first editor, FED Newsletter, 1963; and first editor, JFE, 1973

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Fig. 10

Ascher H. Shapiro

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Fig. 11

George F. Wislicenus, chair of the Cavitation Committee (now the MFTC), 1960–1962

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Fig. 12

Organization chart, ASME FED [9]

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Fig. 13

Evolution of the technical committees and coordinating groups of the FED

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Fig. 14

Testimonial presented to Lorenzo Allievi, 1933

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Fig. 15

Robert L. Daugherty, PMC chair, 1938–1947

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Fig. 16

James W. Daily, PMC chair, 1952–1953

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Fig. 17

Sankaraiyer Gopalakrishnan. FMaC: chair 1984–1986 and member 1978–2005 (FASTC). FED Executive Committee: chair, 2004–2005.

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Fig. 18

Murrough P. O'Brien, chair of the Committee on General Hydraulics, 1938–1940

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Fig. 19

William B. Morgan, prominent member and chair (1972–1974) of the MFTC

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Fig. 20

Frank M. White, Professor Emeritus, University of RI, and editor of the JFE 1979–1990

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Fig. 21

Paul Cooper, FED chair (1985–1986), ASME Life Fellow, Fluids Engineering Awardee, Worthington Medalist

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Fig. 22

C. Samuel Martin, FED chair (1980–1981), ASME Life Fellow, Freeman Scholar, Life Member ASCE

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Fig. 23

Timothy J. O'Hern, FED chair (2001–2002), Multiphase Flow Technical Committee chair (2012–2014)

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