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research-article

Static pressure characteristics in a pin-fin channel with shaped cylindrical pins

[+] Author and Article Information
Johan Pretorius

Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department, University of Pretoria, South Africa
plathond@gmail.com

Gazi I. Mahmood

Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department, University of Pretoria, South Africa
gazi.mahmood@up.ac.za

Josua P. Meyer

Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering Department, University of Pretoria, South Africa
josua.meyer@up.ac.za

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4036671 History: Received January 20, 2016; Revised April 03, 2017

Abstract

Standard pin-fins in the heat transfer channels are shaped to reduce the pressure penalty and increase the thermal performance. The paper presents experimental results of the wall-static pressure distributions in an array of modified cylindrical short pin-fins in a channel. Standard cylindrical pin-fins with a smooth surface and a similar array configuration are also evaluated as a baseline for comparisons. The pin-fins with a height to diameter ratio of 1.28 are arranged in a staggered array consisting of 13 rows in a rectangular channel of aspect ratio 1:7.8. The cylindrical pins are modified by the machined slots at the tips. The slots in the pins are aligned in the streamwise direction. The static pressure distributions are measured on the endwall between the pin-rows and on the pin surface. The Reynolds number based on the channel hydraulic diameter ranges from 10,000 to 50,000. The slots in the pins reduce the friction factor and wall-static pressure drop between the pin-rows by up to 50%. The objectives of the investigation are to reduce the pressure penalty in the cylindrical pin-fin channel to provide increased thermal performance.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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