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research-article

Numerical Simulations and Analysis of a Low Consumption Hybrid Air Extractor

[+] Author and Article Information
Marc Sanchez

PROMES CNRS UPR 8521,University of Perpignan Via Domitia, Tecnosud-Rambla de, la Thermodynamique, 66100 Perpignan, France
sanchez.marc@sfr.fr

Adrien Toutant

PROMES CNRS UPR 8521,University of Perpignan Via Domitia, Tecnosud-Rambla de, la Thermodynamique, 66100 Perpignan, France
adrien.toutant@univ-perp.fr

Françoise Bataille

PROMES CNRS UPR 8521,University of Perpignan Via Domitia, Tecnosud-Rambla de, la Thermodynamique, 66100 Perpignan, France
francoise.bataille@promes.cnrs.fr

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4037507 History: Received October 10, 2016; Revised July 25, 2017

Abstract

Hybrid low pressure air extractors are an economic way to enhance indoor air quality. The evaluation of their energetic performances needs the analysis of flow parameters that is typically done with wind tunnel data and numerical simulations. The purpose of this study is to analyse, numerically and experimentally, the flow and the energetic performances of a hybrid rooftop extractor. This innovative extractor has two main features : it works at low difference of pressure, below 50 Pa, and its fan is placed far above the duct outlet, out of the fluid flow. The hybrid extractor works following three modes of operation: stack effect, Venturi effect and fan rotation. The two first modes of operation allow large energy saving. To analyse the three modes of operation, three sets of corresponding RANS simulations are developed. The first one allows to estimate the pressure drop due to the geometry of the air extractor. The second one is used to check the ability of the extractor to generate a suction into the duct in presence of wind. The final one involves Multiple Reference Frame modelling in order to study the flow when the electric motor drives the fan. The numerical simulation configurations are validated with experimental data. A good behaviour of the extractor is found for simulations of stack effect mode and Venturi effect mode. The stack effect and the Venturi effect allow the hybrid extractor to work most of the time without electric power. Finally, energetic comparisons are given.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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