On the Approximation of 2D Transient Pipe Flow Using a Modified Wave Propagation Algorithm

[+] Author and Article Information
Hossein Mahdizadeh

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Birjand, South Khorasan Province, Birjand, Iran, 97175615

Soroosh Sharifi

Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK, B15 2TT

Pourya Omidvar

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yasouj University, Daneshjoo Ave, Yasouj, Iran, 7591874934

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4039248 History: Received March 30, 2017; Revised January 09, 2018


In this study, a second-order accurate Godunov-type finite volume method is used for the solution of the two-dimensional water hammer problem. The numerical scheme applied here is well-balanced and is able to treat the unsteady friction terms, together with the convective terms, within the differences between fluxes of neighboring computational cells. In order to consider the effect of unsteady friction terms during the water hammer process, the k-e and k-w turbulence models are employed. The performance of the proposed method with the choice of different turbulence models is evaluated using experimental data obtained from one low and one high Reynolds-number turbulent test cases. In addition to velocity and pressure distributions, the turbulence characteristics of each variant of the model, including eddy viscosity, dissipation rate and turbulent kinetic energy during the water hammer process are fully analyzed. It is found that the inclusion of the convective inertia terms leads to more accurate pressure profiles. The results also show that using a relatively high CFL number close to unity, the introduced numerical solver with both choices of turbulence models provides reasonable and acceptable predictions for the studied flows.

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