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research-article

A Flow Control Study of a Simplified, Oscillating Truck Cabin using PANS

[+] Author and Article Information
Guglielmo Minelli

Division of Fluid Dynamics, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
minelli@chalmers.se

Sinisa Krajnovic

Division of Fluid Dynamics, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
sinisa@chalmers.se

Branislav Basara

Advanced Simulation Technologies, AVL List GmbH, Graz 8020, Hans-List-Platz 1, Austria
branislav.basara@avl.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4040225 History: Received August 18, 2017; Revised May 02, 2018

Abstract

This work presents an application of the partially-averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) equations for an external vehicle flow. In particular, the flow around a generic truck cabin is simulated. The PANS method is first validated against experiments and resolved LES on two static cases. As a consequence, PANS is used to study the effect of an active flow control (AFC) on a dynamic oscillating configuration. The oscillation of the model represents a more realistic ground vehicle flow, where gusts (of different natures) define the unsteadiness of the incoming flow. In the numerical study, the model is forced to oscillate with a yaw angle 10 deg > \beta > -10 deg$ and a non-dimensional frequency St = fW/U_inf = 0.1. The effect of the periodic motion of the model is compared with the quasi-static flow condition. At a later stage, the dynamic configuration is actuated by means of a synthetic jet boundary condition. Overall, the effect of the actuation is beneficial. The actuation of the AFC decreases drag, stabilises the flow and reduces the size of the side recirculation bubble.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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