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Research Papers: Fundamental Issues and Canonical Flows

Electrohydrodynamic Pump Supplied by Unipolar Direct Current Voltage With Both Positive and Negative Corona Discharge

[+] Author and Article Information
Janusz Podliński

Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery,
Polish Academy of Sciences,
Fiszera 14,
Gdańsk 80-231, Poland
e-mail: janusz@imp.gda.pl

Magdalena Danowska

Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery,
Polish Academy of Sciences,
Fiszera 14,
Gdańsk 80-231, Poland
e-mail: mdanowska@imp.gda.pl

Tomasz Izdebski

Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery,
Polish Academy of Sciences,
Fiszera 14,
Gdańsk 80-231, Poland
e-mail: tomasz.izdebski@imp.gda.pl

Mirosław Dors

Institute of Fluid Flow Machinery,
Polish Academy of Sciences,
Fiszera 14,
Gdańsk 80-231, Poland
e-mail: mdors@imp.gda.pl

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received July 10, 2017; final manuscript received July 12, 2018; published online August 16, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Bart van Esch.

J. Fluids Eng 141(1), 011206 (Aug 16, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: FE-17-1422; doi: 10.1115/1.4040971 History: Received July 10, 2017; Revised July 12, 2018

Strong electric field applied between the two electrodes initiates a corona discharge, which results in ionization of gas molecules and induces ionic wind, also known as the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow. If an electric field is asymmetric, then a unidirectional gas flow can be formed causing so-called EHD gas pumping. In spite of many experiments with different electrode shapes and configurations such as needle-to-mesh, needle-to-ring, wire-to-rod, wire-to-non-parallel plates, etc., aimed at production of intensive gas pumping, the investigated EHD pumps were most often unsatisfactory. In our research, we proposed a new configuration of electrodes for the EHD pump, where all electrodes (excluding the first one and the last one) are simultaneously the discharge (on one side) and the collecting (on the other side) electrodes. Our electrodes configuration can be easily multiplied without additional space between consecutive electrodes. In such a case, a high ratio of pumping efficiency to pump size can be obtained. The Time-Resolved Particle Image Velocimetry technique was used to investigate the EHD flow generated by our EHD pump.

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Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup for PIV measurement of flow velocity field in the EHD pump and (b) Sketch of the EHD pump with the corona discharges shown schematically

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Top view schematic drawing of the electrode

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Average flow velocity to voltage characteristics of the plate–plate type EHD pump for 1, 2, 4, and 6 discharges. Error bars present standard deviation.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Instantaneous images of the particle flow in the plate-plate type EHD pump for a 1 discharge at different value of high voltage

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Average flow velocity fields in the EHD pump for a 1 discharge. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 27, 28, 29, or 30 kV was applied to the bottom electrode.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Average flow velocity fields in the EHD pump for a 2 discharges. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 27, 28, 29, or 30 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Average flow velocity fields in the EHD pump for a 4 discharges. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 27, 28, 29, or 30 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Average flow velocity fields in the EHD pump for a 6 discharges. Working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 27, 28, 29, or 30 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 9

Apparent flow streamlines of the average flow in the EHD pump for a 1 discharge. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 29 kV was applied to the bottom electrode.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 10

Apparent flow streamlines of the average flow in the EHD pump for a 2 discharges. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 29 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 11

Apparent flow streamlines of the average flow in the EHD pump for a 4 discharges. Only working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 29 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 12

Apparent flow streamlines of the average flow in the EHD pump for a 6 discharges. Working electrodes presented. The negative high voltage of 29 kV was applied to the bottom electrodes.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 13

Characteristics of the volume flow rate and the average flow velocity versus discharge power in the EHD pump for 1, 2, 4, and 6 discharges. Error bars present standard deviation.

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 14

Scalar map reflecting the PIV uncertainty values in the EHD pump for a 1 discharge. Only working electrodes are presented. The negative high voltage of 30 kV was applied to the bottom electrode.

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