0
Research Papers: Flows in Complex Systems

Experimental and Numerical Investigation on Flow Characteristics of Large Cross-Sectional Ionic Wind Pump With Multiple Needles-to-Mesh Electrode

[+] Author and Article Information
J. F. Zhang, S. Wang, M. J. Zeng

Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science
and Engineering,
Ministry of Education,
School of Power and Energy Engineering,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China

Z. G. Qu

Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science
and Engineering,
Ministry of Education,
School of Power and Energy Engineering,
Xi'an Jiaotong University,
Xi'an 710049, China
e-mail: zgqu@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received March 9, 2018; final manuscript received August 29, 2018; published online October 5, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Shizhi Qian.

J. Fluids Eng 141(3), 031105 (Oct 05, 2018) (8 pages) Paper No: FE-18-1163; doi: 10.1115/1.4041391 History: Received March 09, 2018; Revised August 29, 2018

Ionic wind pumps have attracted considerable interest because of their low energy consumption, compact structures, flexible designs, and lack of moving parts. However, large cross-sectional ionic wind pumps have yet to be numerically analyzed and experimentally optimized. Accordingly, this study develops a large cross-sectional ionic wind pump with multiple needles-to-mesh electrode, as well as analyzes its flow characteristics using a proposed full three-dimensional simulation method validated with experimental data. To obtain a considerably high outlet average velocity, experimental studies and numerical methods are employed to optimize the pump's configuration parameters, including needle electrode configuration, needle diameter, grid size, and gap between electrodes. The breakdown voltage and highest velocity corresponding to the breakdown voltage increase with an increase in the needle tip-to-mesh gap. After parametric optimization, a maximum velocity of 2.55 m/s and a flow rate of 2868 L/min are achieved.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Zhao, P. , Portugal, S. , and Roy, S. , 2015, “ Efficient Needle Plasma Actuators for Flow Control and Surface Cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 42(4), pp. 031176–032004.
Lakeh, R. B. , and Molki, M. , 2010, “ Patterns of Airflow in Circular Tubes Caused by a Corona Jet With Concentric and Eccentric Wire Electrodes,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 132(8), p. 081201. [CrossRef]
D. H. S., Baek , S. H. , and Han, S. K. , 2016, “ Development of Heat Sink With Ionic Wind for LED Cooling,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer., 93, pp. 516–528. [CrossRef]
Wang, S. , Zhang, J. , Kong, L. , Qu, Z. , and Tao, W. , 2017, “ An Numerical Investigation on the Cooling Capacity of Needle-Ring Type Electrostatic Fluid Accelerators for round Plate With Uniform and Non-Uniform Heat Flux,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer., 113, pp. 1–5. [CrossRef]
Jacobs, S. V. , and Xu, K. G. , 2016, “ Examination of Ionic Wind and Cathode Sheath Effects in a E-Field Premixed Flame With Ion Density Measurements,” Phys. Plasmas., 23(4), p. 156. [CrossRef]
Park, D. G. , and Chung, S. H. , Cha, M. S. , 2016, “ Bidirectional Ionic Wind in Nonpremixed Counterflow Flames With DC Electric Fields,” Combust. Flame., 168, pp. 138–146. [CrossRef]
Hasnain, S. M. , Bakshi, A. , and Selvaganapathy, P. R. , C. Y. C. , 2011, “ On the Modeling and Simulation of Ion Drag Electrohydrodynamic Micropumps,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 133(5), pp. 2444–2453.
Monrolin, N. , Plouraboué, F. , and Praud, O. , 2017, “ Electrohydrodynamic Thrust for in-Atmosphere Propulsion,” AIAA J., 55(12), pp.1–10. [CrossRef]
Fylladitakis, E. D. , Theodoridis, M. P. , and Moronis, A. X. , 2014, “ Review on the History, Research, and Applications of Electrohydrodynamics,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 42(2), pp. 358–375. [CrossRef]
Johnson, M. J. , and Go, D. B. , 2017, “ Recent Advances in Electrohydrodynamic Pumps Operated by Ionic Winds: A Review,” Plasma Sources Sci. Technol., 26(10), pp. 1–27.
Rickard, M. , Dunn-rankin, D. , Weinberg, F. , and Carleton, F. , 2005, “ Characterization of Ionic Wind Velocity,” J. Electrostatics., 63(6–10), pp. 711–716. [CrossRef]
Tsubone, H. , Ueno, J. , Komeili, B. , Minami, S. , Harvel, G. D. , Urashima, K. , Ching, C. Y. , and Chang, J. S. , 2008, “ Flow Characteristics of dc Wire-Non-Parallel Plate Electrohydrodynamic Gas Pumps,” J. Electrostatics., 66(1–2), pp. 115–121. [CrossRef]
Chang, J. S. , Tsubone, H. , Chun, Y. N. , Berezin, A. A. , and Urashima, K. , 2009, “ Mechanism of Electrohydrodynamically Induced Flow in a Wire-Non-Parallel Plate Electrode Type Gas Pump,” J. Electrostatics., 67(2–3), pp. 335–339. [CrossRef]
Komeili, B. , Chang, J. S. , Harvel, G. D. , Ching, C. Y. , and Brocilo, D. , 2008, “ Flow Characteristics of Wire-Rod Type Electrohydrodynamic Gas Pump Under Negative Corona Operations,” J. Electrostatics., 66(5–6), pp. 342–353. [CrossRef]
Qiu, W. , Xia, L. , Tan, X. , and Yang, L. , 2010, “ The Velocity Characteristics of a Serial-Staged EHD Gas Pump in Air,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 38(10), pp. 2848–2853. [CrossRef]
Qiu, W. , Xia, L. Z. , Yang, L. J. , Zhang, Q. G. , Lei, X. , and Lin, C. , 2011, “ Experimental Study on the Velocity and Efficiency Characteristics of a Serial Staged Needle Array-Mesh Type EHD Gas Pump,” Plasma Sci. Technol., 13(6), p. 693. [CrossRef]
Lee, S. J. , Li, L. , Kwon, K. , Kim, W. , and Kim, D. , 2015, “ Parallel Integration of Ionic Wind Generators on PCBs for Enhancing Flow Rate,” Microsyst. Technol., 21(7), pp. 1465–1471. [CrossRef]
Huang, R. T. , Sheu, W. J. , and Wang, C. C. , 2009, “ Heat Transfer Enhancement by Needle-Arrayed Electrodes—An EHD Integrated Cooling System,” Energy Convers. Manage., 50(7), pp. 1789–1796. [CrossRef]
Moon, J. D. , Hwang, D. H. , and Geum, S. T. , 2009, “ An EHD Gas Pump Utilizing a Ring/Needle Electrode,” IEEE Trans. Dielectrics Electr. Insul., 16(2), pp. 352–358. [CrossRef]
Bouazza, M. R. , Yanallah, K. , Pontiga, F. , and Chen, J. H. , 2018, “ A Simplified Formulation of Wire-Plate Corona Discharge in Air: Application to the Ion Wind Simulation,” J. Electrostatics., 92, pp. 54–65. [CrossRef]
Singhal, V. , and Garimella, S. V. , 2005, “ Influence of Bulk Fluid Velocity on the Efficiency of Electrohydrodynamic Pumping,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 127(3), pp. 484–494.
Zhao, L. , and Adamiak, K. , 2005, “ EHD Flow in Air Produced by Electric Corona Discharge in Pin–Plate Configuration,” J. Electrostatics., 63(3–4), pp. 337–350. [CrossRef]
Jewell-larsen, N. E. , Hsu, C. P. , Krichtafovitch, I. A. , and Montgomery, S. , 2008, “ CFD Analysis of Electrostatic Fluid Accelerators for Forced Convection Cooling,” IEEE Trans. Dielectrics Electr. Insul., 15(6), pp. 1745–1753. [CrossRef]
Jewell-larsen, N. E. , Karpov, S. V. , Ran, H. , Savalia, P. , and Honer, K. A. , 2010, “ Investigation of Dust in Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) Systems,” 26th Annual IEEE Semiconductor Thermal Measurement and Management Symposium (SEMI-THERM), Santa Clara, CA, Feb. 21–25.
Corke, T. C. , Enloe, C. L. , and Wilkinson, S. P. , 2010, “ Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Actuators for Flow Control,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 42(1), pp. 505–529. [CrossRef]
Shan, H. , and Lee, Y. T. , 2014, “ Numerical Modeling of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Actuation,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 138(5), p. 051104.
Farnoosh, N. , Adamiak, K. , and Castle, G. P. , 2010, “ 3-D Numerical Analysis of EHD Turbulent Flow and Mono-Disperse Charged Particle Transport and Collection in a Wire-Plate ESP,” J. Electrostatics., 68(6), pp. 513–522. [CrossRef]
Feng, J. Q. , 1999, “ Application of Galerkin Finite-Element Method With Newton Iterations in Computing Steady-State Solutions of Unipolar Charge Currents in Corona Devices,” J. Comput. Phys., 151(2), pp. 969–989. [CrossRef]
Kaptsov, N. A. , 1947, Elektricheskie Yavleniya v Gazakh i Vakuume, OGIZ, Moscow, Russia.
Peek, F. W. , 1920, Dielectric Phenomena in High Voltage Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.
Kim, C. , Park, D. , Noh, K. C. , and Hwang, J. , 2010, “ Velocity and Energy Conversion Efficiency Characteristics of Ionic Wind Generator in a Multistage Configuration,” J. Electrostatics., 68(1), pp. 36–41. [CrossRef]
Mazumder, A. H. , and Lai, F. C. , 2014, “ Enhancement in Gas Pumping in a Square Channel With Two-Stage Corona Wind Generator,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 50(4), pp. 2296–2305. [CrossRef]

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Physical model: (a) physical model, (b) mesh of the calculation model, and (c) simulation process

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Electrical and flow field distribution (default model): (a) 3D electrical field distribution, (b) 3D flow field distribution, and (c) slice of the flow field distribution (y–z plate, x = 20 mm)

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Verification of the simulation method

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Average outlet velocity as a function of the transverse space

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 7

Effects of different grid sizes: (a) the average outlet velocity at different grid sizes and (b) the power consumption at different grid sizes

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Experimental setup and ionic wind pump: (a) diagram of the experimental setup, (b) the corona electrode board, (c) the collector electrode board, and (d) diagram of the needle configuration, needle diameter, needle tip-to-mesh gap and grid unit

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Average outlet velocity at different diameters of the needle electrode

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 8

Average outlet velocity at different needle tip-to-mesh gaps

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In