An Assessment of CFD Cavitation Models Using Bubble Growth Theory and Bubble Transport Modeling

[+] Author and Article Information
Michael Kinzel

Research Assistant Professor, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

Jules Lindau

Research Associate Professor, Applied Research Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

Robert F. Kunz

Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4042421 History: Received March 01, 2018; Revised December 21, 2018


This effort investigates advancing cavitation modeling relevant to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) through two strategies. The first aims to reformulate the cavitation models and the second explores adding liquid-vapor slippage effects. The first aspect of the paper revisits cavitation model formulations with respect to the Rayleigh-Plesset Equation (RPE). The present approach reformulates the cavitation model using analytic solutions to the RPE. The benefit of this reformulation is displayed by maintaining model sensitivities similar to RPE, whereas the standard models fail these tests. In addition, the model approach is extended beyond standard homogeneous models, to a two-fluid modeling framework that explicitly models the slippage between cavitation bubbles and the liquid. The results indicate a significant impact of slip on the predicted cavitation solution, suggesting that the inclusion of such modeling can potentially improve CFD cavitation models. Overall, the results of this effort point to various aspects that may be considered in future CFD-modeling efforts with the goal of improving the model accuracy and reducing computational time.

Copyright (c) 2018 by ASME
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