0
Research Papers: Fundamental Issues and Canonical Flows

On Leakage Issues of Sucker Rod Pumping Systems

[+] Author and Article Information
Sheldon Wang

McCoy School of Engineering,
Midwestern State University,
3410 Taft Blvd.,
Wichita Falls, TX 76308
e-mail: sheldon.wang@msutexas.edu

Lynn Rowlan

Echometer Co.,
5001 Ditto Ln,
Wichita Falls, TX 76302
e-mail: lynn@echometer.com

Mahmoud Elsharafi

McCoy School of Engineering,
Midwestern State University,
3410 Taft Blvd.,
Wichita Falls, TX 76308
e-mail: mahmoud.elsharafi@msutexas.edu

Mansur A. Ermila

Petroleum Engineering,
Colorado School of Mines,
1600 Arapahoe St.,
Golden, CO 80401
e-mail: mermila@mines.edu

Tomas Grejtak

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Lehigh University,
19 Memorial Drive West,
Bethlehem, PA 18015
e-mail: tomas.grejtak@hotmail.com

Carrie Anne Taylor

Echometer Co.,
5001 Ditto Ln,
Wichita Falls, TX 76302
e-mail: carrieanne@echometer.com

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 24, 2018; final manuscript received March 15, 2019; published online May 8, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Philipp Epple.

J. Fluids Eng 141(11), 111201 (May 08, 2019) (7 pages) Paper No: FE-18-1643; doi: 10.1115/1.4043500 History: Received September 24, 2018; Revised March 15, 2019

The issues of leakage with respect to the clearance between the pump plunger outer diameter and the pump barrel inner diameter and other operation conditions have been revisited in this paper. Both Poiseuille flow rate due to the pressure difference and Couette flow rate due to the plunger motion have been considered. The purpose of this study is to better understand the nature of the leakage with respect to pressure difference, eccentricity, and motion related to the plunger of typical sucker rod pump systems. More specifically, based on the newly derived relaxation time scales for transient solutions of the governing Navier–Stokes equations, the quasi-static nature of relevant measurement techniques is confirmed for the current production systems. This key observation is also demonstrated with a computational model using the experimentally measured pressure difference and the plunger movement.

FIGURES IN THIS ARTICLE
<>
Copyright © 2019 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.

References

Romero, O. J. , and Almeida, P. , 2014, “ Numerical Simulation of the Sucker-Rod Pumping System,” Ing. Inv., 34(3), pp. 4–11.
Karhan, M. K. , Nandi, S. , and Jadhav, P. B. , 2015, “ Design and Optimization of Sucker Rod Pump Using Prosper,” Int. J. Interdiscip. Res. Innovations, 3(2), pp. 108–122.
Takacs, G. , 1996, “ Improved Designs Reduce Sucker-Rod Pumping Costs,” Oil Gas J., 94(4), p. 5.
Yu, Y. , Chang, Z. , Qi, Y. , Xue, X. , and Zhao, J. , 2016, “ Study of a New Hydraulic Pumping Unit Based on the Offshore Platform,” Energy Sci. Eng., 4(5), pp. 352–360.
Anderson, G. , Liang, B. , and Liang, B. , 2001, “ The Successful Application of New Technology of Oil Production in Offshore,” Foreign Oilfield Eng., 17(1), pp. 28–30.
Takacs, G. , 1993, Modern Sucker-Rod Pumping, PennWell Books, Tulsa, OK.
Takacs, G. , 2003, Sucker Rod Pumping Manual, PennWell Corporation, Tulsa, OK.
Dong, Z. , Zhang, M. , Zhang, X. , and Pang, X. , 2008, “ Study on Reasonable Choice of Electric Submersible Pump,” Acta Petrolei Sin., 29(1), pp. 128–131.
Augusto Podio, Artificial lift, 2013, “ Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems,” Paris, France, pp. 1–9.
Bommer, P. M. , and Podio, A. L. , 2012, The Beam Lift Handbook, PETEX, Austin, TX.
Karpuz-Pickell, P. , and Roderick, R. , 2015, “ From Failure to Success: A Metallurgical Story on Sucker Rod Pump Barrels,” Sixty Second Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Petroleum Short Course, Lubbock, TX, Apr. 22–23, p. 2015007.
Parameswaran Nampoothiri, M. P. , 2001, “ Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Api-Modified Goodman Diagram in Sucker Rod Fatigue Analysis,” Texas Tech MS Thesis, Lubbock, TX.
Wang, S. , 2015, “ A Revisit of Material and Structural Failures,” ASME Paper No. IMECE 53079.
Wang, S. , Grejtak, T. , and Moody, L. , 2017, “ Structural Designs With Considerations of Both Material and Structural Failure,” ASCE Pract. Periodical Struct. Des. Const., 22(2), pp. 1–8.
Li, Z. , Song, J. , and Huang, Y. , 2017, “ Design and Analysis for a New Energy-Saving Hydraulic Pumping Unit,” Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., Part C, 232(12), pp. 2119–2131.
Bommer, P. M. , Podio, A. L. , and Carroll, G. , 2016, “ The Measurement of Down Stroke Force in Rod Pumps,” Sixty Third Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Petroleum Short Course, Lubbock, TX, Apr. 20–21, p. 2016002.
Pons, V. , 2015, “ Modified Everitt-Jennings: A Complete Methodology for Production Optimization of Sucker Rod Pumped Wells,” Sixty Second Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Petroleum Short Course, Lubbock, TX, Apr. 22–23, p. 2015012.
Copeland, C. D. , 2015, “ Fluid Extractor,” Proceeding of the Sixty Second Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Petroleum Short Course, Lubbock, TX, Apr. 22–23, p. 2015003.
Ermila, M. A. , 1999, “ Critical Evaluation of Sucker-Rod String Design Practices in the Hamada Field Libya,” MS Thesis, University of Miskolc, Miskolc, Hungary.
Takacs, G. , 2015, Sucker-Rod Pumping Handbook—Production Engineering Fundamentals and Long-Stroke Rod Pumping, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Lea, J. F. , and Winkler, H. W. , 1997, “ What's New in Artificial Lift?—Part I,” World Oil, 218(3), pp. 79–85.
Lea, J. F. , and Winkler, H. W. , 2012, “ What's New in Artificial Lift?—Part II,” World Oil, 218(4), pp. 85–93.
Zhao, R. , Zhang, X. , Liu, M. , Shi, J. , Su, L. , Shan, H. , Sun, C. , Miao, G. , Wang, Y. , Shi, L. , and Zhang, M. , 2016, “ Production Optimization and Application of Combined Artificial-Lift Systems in Deep Oil Wells,” SPE Middle East Artificial Lift Conference, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain, Nov. 30–Dec. 1, SPE Paper No. SPE-184222-MS.
Rowlan, O. L. , McCoy, J. N. , and Lea, J. F. , 2012, “ Use Pump Slippage Equation to Design Pump Clearances,” Private Communication.
Nouri, J. M. , and Whitelaw, J. H. , 1994, “ Flow of Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluids in a Concentric Annulus With Rotation of the Inner Cylinder,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 116(4), pp. 821–827.
Back, L. H. , and Crawford, D. W. , 1992, “ Wall Shear Stress Estimates in Coronary Artery Constrictions,” J. Biomed. Eng., 114, pp. 515–520.
Midvidy, W. , and Rouleau, W. T. , 1977, “ Stability of Poiseuille Flow in Elastic Tubes,” ASME J. Appl. Mech., 44(1), pp. 18–24.
Van Dyke, M. , 1975, Perturbation Methods in Fluid Mechanics, Parabolic Press, Stanford, CA.
Munson, B. R. , Okiishi, T. H. , Huebsch, W. W. , and Rothmayer, A. P. , 2013, Fundamentals of Fluid Mechanics, 7th ed., Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Bathe, K. J. , Nitikitpaiboon, C. , and Wang, X. , 1995, “ A Mixed Displacement-Based Finite Element Formulation for Acoustic Fluid-Structure Interaction,” Comput. Struct., 56(2/3), pp. 225–237.
Ohayon, R. , and Felippa, C. , 2001, Special FSI Volume of Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 190, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Wang, S. , 2008, Fundamentals of Fluid-Solid Interactions-Analytical and Computational Approaches, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Feng, Z. , Wang, X. , and Forney, L. J. , 1999, “ Single Jet Mixing at Arbitrary Angle in Turbulent Tube Flow,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 121 (4), pp. 762–765.
Bathe, K. J. , 1996, Finite Element Procedures, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Hildebrand, F. B. , 1976, Advanced Calculus for Applications, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Yang, J. , Wan, Z. , Wang, L. , and Sun, D. , 2018, “ A Study on Slip Characteristics Using Hybrid Particle-Continuum Method,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 140(10), p. 101101.
Wu, Y. , Wu, X. , Wang, Y. , and Yuan, Y. , 2013, “ A New Eccentric Annular Leakage Model for Rod Pump With Couette-Poiseuille Flow,” Int. J. Control Autom., 6(6), pp. 289–302.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Problem configuration

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Eigensolution of the characteristic function and thecharacteristic time with a=(1/ν)Ra, b=(1/ν)Rb, and ξ=τπν/δ

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

(a) Cross-sectional view, (b) detailed mesh, and (c) axial dimension

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Comparison of Couette flow and Poiseuille flow contributions

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Eccentricity effects on flow rate

Tables

Errata

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In