Abstract

The flow characteristics in the inertial Reynolds number regime are investigated in a mono-dispersed random pack porous media. Time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize the velocity field in a low aspect ratio bed with 15 mm glass beads. An aqueous solution of Ammunium Thiocynante is used as the working fluid to facilitate matching the solid-fluid refractiveindices. In order to illuminate the inertial regime characteristics, two pore Reynolds number of 100 and 270 are examined. Also, due to the random nature of the packing several pore geometries are compared to identify local scaling used to define the inertial regime effects. Discrete vortical flow structures are evaluated using LES (lowpass filtering) decomposition, in conjunction with criticalpoint analysis of the local velocity gradient tensor. The identified scales associated with the vortical elements are compared based on Reynolds number and pore geometry. Implementing circulation as an integral measure of all vortical structures locally at the pore-scale level demonstrated a linear attitude over the range of Reynolds numbers. Evolution of inertial effects within pore-regions are indicated to be the primary driving mechanism for the emergence of swirling structures passing through the PIV field of view at the onset of turbulence.

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