The flow field of a propane-air diffusion flame combustor with interior and exterior conjugate heat transfers was numerically investigated. Solutions obtained from four turbulence models together with a laminar flamelet combustion model, discrete ordinates radiation model and enhanced wall treatment are presented and discussed. The numerical results are compared, in detail, with a comprehensive database obtained from a series of experimental measurements. It is found that the Reynolds stress model (RSM), a second moment closure, illustrates superior performance over three popular two-equation eddy-viscosity models. Although the main flow features are captured by all four turbulence models, only the RSM is able to successfully predict the lengths of both recirculation zones and the turbulence kinetic energy distribution in the combustor chamber. In addition, it provides fairly good predictions for all Reynolds stress components, except for the circumferential normal stress at downstream sections. However, the superiority of the RSM is not so obvious for the temperature and species predictions in comparison with eddy-viscosity models, except for the standard k-ε model. This suggests that coupling between the RSM and combustion models needs to be further improved in order to enhance its applications in practical combustion systems.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.