Jet Breakup and Mixing Throat Lengths for the Liquid Jet Gas Pump

[+] Author and Article Information
R. G. Cunningham

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa.

R. J. Dopkin

E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Textile Fibers Dept., Spruance Plant, Richmond, Va.

J. Fluids Eng 96(3), 216-226 (Sep 01, 1974) (11 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3447144 History: Received February 14, 1974; Online October 12, 2010


Gas compression with a liquid jet occurs isothermally and hence with minimum work. Performance characteristics of the liquid jet gas pump (efficiency and compression ratio versus inlet volumetric flow ratio) are predicted accurately by a one-dimensional analysis providing the mixing zone remains in the throat. Jet breakup was investigated to enable prediction of required throat length and to improve efficiency. Effects of throat length, nozzle contour and spacing, nozzle-throat area ratio (0.15 to 0.45), jet velocity and suction pressure were investigated. Optimum throat lengths were found; corresponding efficiencies exceed 40 percent. Two jet breakup flow regimes were found: impact and jet disintegration. For the impact regime, jet breakup length-depends on inlet velocity ratio, jet Reynolds number and nozzle-to-throat area ratio. Optimum throat lengths were found to be an empirical function of nozzle-to-throat area ratio and ranged from 12 to 32 throat dia. These results, coupled with the one-dimensional model, permit design of efficient liquid jet gas pumps.

Copyright © 1974 by ASME
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