Vertically Downward Two-Phase Slug Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
C. Samuel Martin

School of Civil Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Ga.

J. Fluids Eng 98(4), 715-722 (Dec 01, 1976) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3448466 History: Received September 21, 1976; Online October 12, 2010


Vertically downward slug flow of air-water mixtures was experimentally investigated in circular pipes of diameter D = 2.60, 10.16, and 14.0 cm. The terminal velocity of descending, stationary, and ascending bubbles in downward flows was measured and correlated with the air and water volumetric flux densities. Except for very small pipe diameters, bubbles in downward flow are unstable and eccentrically located off the pipe axis in regions of lower fluid velocities. Consequently, the value of the flow distribution parameter C0 is less than unity for downward flow, compared to C0 = 1 for rising bubbles in quiescent liquid, and C0 = 1.2 for ascending bubbles in upward flow. Above a certain pipe diameter stable Taylor bubbles are not possible for downward flows. The terminal velocity coefficient C1 is no longer 0.35 for downward flows in relatively large pipes because the unstable bubbles ride the pipe wall, resulting in a higher value of C1 .

Copyright © 1976 by ASME
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