Effects of Free-Stream Turbulence on Diffuser Performance

[+] Author and Article Information
J. A. Hoffmann

Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering Department, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Calif. 93407

J. Fluids Eng 103(3), 385-390 (Sep 01, 1981) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240795 History: Received June 27, 1980; Online October 26, 2009


An experimental evaluation of the effects of free-stream turbulence on the performance of a subsonic two-dimensional diffuser has been made. Increases of the diffuser’s static pressure recovery coefficient of 11.3 and 23.9 percent at total included divergence angles of 12 and 20 degrees respectively were obtained when the value of the inlet integral free-stream scale of turbulence in the flow direction was at least 7.2 times larger than the inlet boundary layer displacement thickness, when the inlet total free-stream turbulence intensity was at least 3.5 percent, and when the axes of upstream rods used to generate turbulence were perpendicular to the flow and parallel to the diverging walls of the diffuser. It is hypothesized that a larger scale of turbulence with the specified eddy axis orientation transmits the free-stream energy to the walls more effectively and, when coupled with large turbulence intensities, are mechanisms which act to decrease the distortion and delay separation within the diffuser.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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