The Effect of Froude Number on Entrainment in Two-Dimensional Line Plumes

[+] Author and Article Information
W. F. Phillips

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322

J. Fluids Eng 103(3), 471-477 (Sep 01, 1981) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3240818 History: Received August 28, 1980; Online October 26, 2009


Theoretical results are presented which predict the entrainment coefficient in a forced plume as a function of the local Froude number. The model does not require any external specification of the velocity and temperature profiles. The Froude number for any plume, in a motionless isothermal ambient, approaches a universal constant, at a large distance above the source. However, it is shown here that the development length for the Froude number, in plumes with high discharge Froude number, is of the order of a few hundred times the discharge width.

Copyright © 1981 by ASME
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