The Influence of Structural Damping on Internal Pressure During a Transient Pipe Flow

[+] Author and Article Information
Dan D. Budny

Department of Freshman Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907

D. C. Wiggert, F. J. Hatfield

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Mich. 48824

J. Fluids Eng 113(3), 424-429 (Sep 01, 1991) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2909513 History: Received February 02, 1990; Online May 23, 2008


A four equation model of axial wave propagation with Poisson coupling which includes viscous damping to account for structural energy dissipation is evaluated. Comparison of the predictions with experimental data indicates that the model can satisfactorily predict fluid pressure and structural velocity. The results show that structural damping reduces the pressure peaks during a transient event by eliminating the high frequency components. For the conditions studied, this reduction was 20 to 25 percent for a piping system with no axial constraints. A saddle-type support increases the equivalent viscous damping, and this increased damping can be modeled as either distributed damping or as an external damper.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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