Pressure Measurements in Highly Viscous and Elastic Fluids

[+] Author and Article Information
Bulent Yesilata, Alparslan Öztekin, Sudhakar Neti, Jacob Kazakia

Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA 18015

J. Fluids Eng 122(3), 626-633 (May 09, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1287927 History: Received May 03, 1999; Revised May 09, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Yesilata,  B., Öztekin,  A., and Neti,  S., 1999, “Instabilities in Viscoelastic Flow through an Axisymmetric Sudden Contraction,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 85, p. 35.
Yesilata,  B., Öztekin,  A., and Neti,  S., 2000, “Nonisothermal Viscoelastic Flow through an Axisymmetric Sudden Contraction,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 89, p. 133.
Kim,  J., Öztekin,  A., and Neti,  S., 2000, “Instabilities in Viscoelastic Flow Past a Cavity,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 90, p. 261.
Bird, R. B., Armstrong, R. C., and Hassager, O., 1987, Dynamics of Polymeric Liquids, Volume 1: Fluid Mechanics, 2nd ed. Wiley Interscience, New York.
Walters, K., 1975, Rheometry, Chapman and Hall, London.
Hatzikiriakos,  G. H., and Dealy,  J. M., 1994, “Start-Up Pressure Transients in a Capillary Rheometer,” Polym. Eng. Sci., 34, p. 493.
Dealy,  J. M., 1995, “On the Significance of Pressure Relaxations in Capillary or Slit Flow,” Rheol. Acta, 34, p. 115.
Tanner,  R., and Pipkin,  A., 1969, “Intrinsic Errors in Pressure-Hole Measurements,” Trans. Soc. Rheol., 14, p. 471.
Macosco, C. W., 1994, Rheology: Principles, Measurements and Applications, VCH Publishers, New York.
Lodge,  A. S., and De Vargas,  L., 1983, “Positive Hole-Pressures and Negative Exit Pressure Generated by Molten Low-Density Polyethlene Flowing through a Slit Die,” Rheol. Acta, 22, p. 151.
Broadbent,  J. M., Kay,  A., Lodge,  A. S., and Vale,  D. G., 1968, “Possible Systematic Error in the Measurement of Normal Stress Differences in Polymer Solutions in Steady Shear Flow,” Nature (London), 217, p. 55.
Joseph, D. D., 1990, Fluid Dynamics of Viscoelastic Liquids, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lodge,  A. S., 1985, “Low-Shear-Rate Rheometry and Polymer Quality Control,” Chem. Eng. Commun., 32, p. 1.
Lodge,  A. S., 1989, “An Attempt To Measure the First Normal-Stress Difference N1 in Shear Flow for a Polyisobutylene/Decalin Solution at High Shear Rates,” J. Rheol., 33, p. 821.
Pakdel,  P., and McKinley,  G. H., 1998, “Cavity Flows of Elastic Liquids: Purely Elastic Instabilities,” Phys. Fluids, 10, p. 1058.
Kazakia,  J. Y., and Rivlin,  R. S., 1981, “Run-Up and Spin-Up in a Viscoelastic Fluid,” Rheol. Acta, 20, p. 111.
Yoo,  Y. L., and Joseph,  D. D., 1985, “Hyperbolicity and Change of Type in the Flow of Viscoelastic Fluids through Channels,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 19, p. 15.
Shiang,  A. H., Lin,  J. C., Öztekin,  A., and Rockwell,  D., 1997, “Viscoelastic Flow Around a Confined Cylinder: Measurements Using High-Image-Density Particle Image Velocimetry,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 73, p. 29.
Higastani,  K., and Pritchard,  W. G., 1972, “A Kinematic Calculation of Intrinsic Errors in Pressure Measurements Made with Holes,” Trans. Soc. Rheol., 16, p. 687.
Pritchard,  W. G., 1970, “The Measurements of Normal Stresses by Means of Liquid-filled Holes in a Surface,” Rheol. Acta, 9, p. 200.
Malkus,  D. S., Pritchard,  W. G., and Yao,  M., 1992, “The Hole-Pressure Effect and Viscometry,” Rheol. Acta, 31, p. 521.
Lodge,  A. S., Pritchard,  W. G., and Scott,  L. R., 1991, “The Hole-Pressure Problem,” IMA J. Appl. Math., 46, p. 39.
Townsend,  P., 1980, “A Computer Model of Hole-pressure Measurement in Poiseuille Flow of Visco-elastic Liquids,” Rheol. Acta, 19, p. 1.
Johnson,  M. W., and Segalman,  D., 1977, “A Model for Viscoelastic Behavior Which Allows Non-Affine Deformation,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 2, p. 255.
Cochrane,  T., Walters,  K., and Webster,  M. F., 1981, “On Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Flow in Complex Geometries,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A, 301, p. 163.
Hu,  H. H., Riccius,  O., Chen,  K. P., Arney,  M., and Joseph,  D. D., 1990, “Climbing Constant, Second Order Correction of Trouton’s Viscosity, Wave Speed and Delayed Die Swell for M1,” J. Non-Newtonian Fluid Mech., 35, p. 287.


Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of experimental setup for manometry system
Grahic Jump Location
Height of the fluid as a function of time for different values of applied pressure shown in (a) dimensional and (b) nondimensional form
Grahic Jump Location
Relative error between the predicted and measured xmax as a function of (t2−t1)/ts for three different values of t1
Grahic Jump Location
Schematic of fluid-filled transducer/pipe system
Grahic Jump Location
Pressure readings for multiple-step-sequence experiments: (a) Multiple-step increases applied (shown with solid line) and pressure readings by transducer/pipe system (shown with closed symbol), (b) the comparison between the results of experimental and theoretical model
Grahic Jump Location
Pressure variations of square wave pulse with periods tp/tr of (a) 6, (b) 1, and (c) 0.33
Grahic Jump Location
(a) Axial pressure distribution in inertialess circular pipe flow of a PIB/PB/C14 polymer solution at different values of flow rate (or De). (b) Pressure at two axial locations depicted as a function of De in creeping pipe flow of PIB Boger fluid. The predictions by Oldroyd-B model are shown by solid lines without the hole pressure effect and by dashed lines with the hole pressure effect. Open symbols denote measurements using standing fluid columns (manometry) and solid symbols denote measurements using transducers.



Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In