Machining Characteristics of Leaded Steel

[+] Author and Article Information
Fenton L. Bagley, Roy Mennell

Rodman Laboratory, Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, Mass.

J. Basic Eng 82(2), 347-359 (Jun 01, 1960) (13 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3662598 History: Received September 25, 1959; Online November 04, 2011


The effects of lead addition in alloy steel upon the metal-cutting process were explored over a wide range of conditions. In particular, a range of cutting speeds (from 50 to 800 fpm) and workpiece hardness (from 230 to 450 Bhn) were investigated on one work-piece material (4340) using principally a carbide (C-6) cutting tool. Orthogonal (two-dimensional) data was taken to describe the metal-cutting process, and tool-life data were obtained by running a typical production tool to failure at the various cutting conditions. Several mechanisms to explain experimental results, including lead acting as a lubricant, are discussed.

Copyright © 1960 by ASME
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