Effect of Bubble Inclusions on the Mechanical Properties of Cast Poly-Methyl Metacrylate

[+] Author and Article Information
J. D. Stachiw

Naval Undersea Research and Development Center, San Diego Calif.

J. Basic Eng 94(4), 847-852 (Dec 01, 1972) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3425576 History: Received June 12, 1972; Online October 27, 2010


Bubble inclusions present in cast acrylic plastic generally degrade the mechanical properties of the material. To evaluate the effect of bubbles on the mechanical strength of acrylic plastic, 120 tensile and compressive test specimens were machined from massive acrylic castings with bubble inclusions. The specimens were tested under uniaxial loading condition and effect of bubbles on tensile and compressive strength noted. The stress raiser effect of bubbles caused the tensile specimens to fail at stresses 7 to 30 percent lower than observed in specimens without bubbles. The compressive yield strength was not affected by bubbles. However, here the bubbles served as stress raisers also and caused cracks to initiate at the bubble surfaces when the yield strength of acrylic plastic was reached.

Copyright © 1972 by ASME
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