Research Papers: Fundamental Issues and Canonical Flows

Vortex Shedding in a Tandem Circular Cylinder System With a Yawed Downstream Cylinder

[+] Author and Article Information
Stephen J. Wilkins

e-mail: x514a@unb.ca

James D. Hogan

e-mail: v3679@unb.ca

Joseph W. Hall

e-mail: jwhall@unb.ca
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of New Brunswick,
Fredericton, NB, E2L 4L5, Canada

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received May 3, 2012; final manuscript received March 5, 2013; published online May 15, 2013. Editor: Malcolm J. Andrews.

J. Fluids Eng 135(7), 071202 (May 15, 2013) (7 pages) Paper No: FE-12-1224; doi: 10.1115/1.4023949 History: Received May 03, 2012; Revised March 05, 2013

This investigation examines the flow produced by a tandem cylinder system with the downstream cylinder yawed to the mean flow direction. The yaw angle was varied from α=90deg (two parallel tandem cylinders) to α=60deg; this has the effect of varying the local spacing ratio between the cylinders. Fluctuating pressure and hot-wire measurements were used to determine the vortex-shedding frequencies and flow regimes produced by this previously uninvestigated flow. The results showed that the frequency and magnitude of the vortex shedding varies along the cylinder span depending on the local spacing ratio between the cylinders. In all cases the vortex-shedding frequency observed on the front cylinder had the same shedding frequency as the rear cylinder. In general, at small local spacing ratios the cylinders behaved as a single large body with the shear layers separating from the upstream cylinder and attaching on the downstream cylinder, this caused a correspondingly large, low frequency wake. At other positions where the local span of the tandem cylinder system was larger, small-scale vortices began to form in the gap between the cylinders, which in turn increased the vortex-shedding frequency. At the largest spacings, classical vortex shedding persisted in the gap formed between the cylinders, and both cylinders shed vortices as separate bodies with shedding frequencies typical of single cylinders. At certain local spacing ratios two distinct vortex-shedding frequencies occurred indicating that there was some overlap in these flow regimes.

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Fig. 1

Schematic of various yawed tandem cylinder systems with local spacing ratios, S/D, shown at the narrow, middle, and wide ends for (a) α=90 deg, (b) α=80 deg, (c) α=70 deg, and (d) α=60 deg

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Fig. 2

Microphone power spectra normalized by dynamic head squared q2 for α=90 deg for two azimuthal angles, γ=70 deg and γ=90 deg

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Fig. 3

Normalized power spectra at various spanwise locations for α=80 deg

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Fig. 4

Normalized power spectra at various spanwise locations for α=70 deg

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Fig. 5

Normalized power spectra at various spanwise locations for α=60 deg

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Fig. 6

Comparison of flow regimes for (a) α=90 deg, (b) α=80 deg, (c) α=70 deg, and (d) α=60 deg



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